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Formül Tablosu

Formül Tablosu

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Published by Mehmet
Sınavlarda sorulan tüm Fizik formülleri
Sınavlarda sorulan tüm Fizik formülleri

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Published by: Mehmet on Jul 13, 2009
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02/01/2012

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Table of Information and Equation Tables for AP Physics Exams
 
The accompanying Table of Information and Equation Tables will be provided to students whenthey take the AP Physics Exams. Therefore, students may NOT bring their own copies of thesetables to the examination room, although they may use them throughout the year in their classesin order to become familiar with their content.
Table of Information
 For both the Physics B and Physics C Exams, the Table of Information is printed near the frontcover of the multiple-choice section and on the green insert provided with the free-responsesection. The tables are identical for both exams except for one convention as noted.
Equation Tables
 For both the Physics B and Physics C Exams, the equation tables for each exam are printed onlyon the green insert provided with the free-response section. The equation tables may be used bystudents when taking the free-response sections of both exams, but NOT when taking themultiple-choice sections.The equations in the tables express the relationships that are encountered most frequently inAP Physics Courses and Exams. However, the tables do not include all equations that mightpossibly be used. For example, they do not include many equations that can be derived bycombining other equations in the tables. Nor do they include equations that are simply specialcases of any that are in the tables. Students are responsible for understanding the physicalprinciples that underlie each equation and for knowing the conditions for which each equation isapplicable.The equation tables are grouped in sections according to the major content category in whichthey appear. Within each section, the symbols used for the variables in that section are defined.However, in some cases the same symbol is used to represent different quantities in differenttables. It should be noted that there is no uniform convention among textbooks for the symbolsused in writing equations. The equation tables follow many common conventions, but in somecases consistency was sacrificed for the sake of clarity.Some explanations about notation used in the equation tables:1.
 
The symbols used for physical constants are the same as those in the Table of Information and are defined in the Table of Information rather than in the right-handcolumns of the tables.2.
 
Symbols in bold face represent vector quantities.3.
 
Subscripts on symbols in the equations are used to represent special cases of thevariables defined in the right-hand columns.4.
 
The symbol
D
before a variable in an equation specifically indicates a change in thevariable (i.e., final value minus initial value).5.
 
Several different symbols (e.g.
d, r, s, h,
) are used for linear dimensions such aslength. The particular symbol used in an equation is one that is commonly used forthat equation in textbooks.
 
 
TABLE OF INFORMATION FOR 2006 and 2007CONSTANTS AND CONVERSION FACTORS1 unified atomic mass unit,
272
1 u1.6610 kg931 MeV
c
-
= ¥=
 Proton mass,
27
1.6710 kg
 p
m
-
= ¥
 Neutron mass,
27
1.6710 kg
n
m
-
= ¥
 Electron mass,
31
9.1110 kg
e
m
-
= ¥
 Electron charge magnitude,
19
1.6010 C
e
-
= ¥
 Avogadro’s number,
23-10
6.0210 mol
 N 
= ¥
 Universal gas constant, 8.31 J(molK)
 R
=
i
 Boltzmann’s constant,
23
1.3810JK
 B
-
= ¥
 Speed of light,
 
8
3.0010 ms
c
= ¥
 
Planck’s constant,
 
3415
6.6310 Js4.1410 eVs
h
--
= ¥= ¥
ii
 
253
1.9910 Jm1.2410 eVnm
hc
-
= ¥= ¥
ii
 Vacuum permittivity,
12220
8.8510CNm
-
= ¥
i
 
 Coulomb’s law constant,
9220
149.010 NmC
= = ¥
i
 
 Vacuum permeability,
70
410 (Tm)A
 m
-
= ¥
i
 Magnetic constant,
70
410 (Tm)A
m
-
= =¢
i
 Universal gravitational constant,
1132
6.6710 mkgs
G
-
= ¥
i
Acceleration due to gravityat Earth’s surface,
2
9.8 ms
g
=
 1 atmosphere pressure,
525
1 atm1.010 Nm1.010 Pa
= ¥= ¥
 1 electron volt,
19
1 eV1.6010 J
-
= ¥
 UNITSName Symbolmeter mkilogram kgsecond sampere Akelvin Kmole molhertz Hznewton Npascal Pa joule Jwatt Wcoulomb Cvolt Vohm
W
 henry Hfarad Ftesla TdegreeCelsiusC
 electron-volt eV
 
PREFIXESFactor Prefix Symbol
9
10giga G
6
10 mega M
3
10 kilo
2
10
-
centi c
3
10
-
milli m
6
10
-
micro
m
 
9
10
-
nano n
12
10
-
pico p
VALUES OFTRIGONOMETRICFUNCTIONS FOR COMMONANGLES
 
θ
sin
θ
cos
θ
tan
θ
 
0
 
0 1 0
30
 
1/2 32 / 33 / 37
 
3/5 4/5 3/445
 
22 / 22 / 153
 
4/5 3/5 4/360
32 / 1/2 390
 
1 0
 
The following conventions are used in this exam.I. Unless otherwise stated, the frame of reference of any problem is assumed to be inertial.II. The direction of any electric current is the direction of flow of positive charge (conventional current).III. For any isolated electric charge, the electric potential is defined as zero at an infinite distance from the charge.*IV. For mechanics and thermodynamics equations,
represents the work done on a system.*Not on the Table of Information for Physics C, since Thermodynamics is not a Physics C topic.
 
ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B EQUATIONS FOR 2006 and 2007
 
NEWTONIAN
MECHANICS
 
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
 
0
at 
u u
= +
 
200
12
 x x t a
u
= + +
0
 
( )
220
2
a x x
u u
= + -
 
net 
m
 = =
FFa
 
 fric
F
 m
£
 
2
c
a
u
=
 
sin
t
=
m
=
pv
 
D D
= =
J Fp
 
2
12
K m
u
=
 
g
U mg
D
=
h
 
cos
W F
D
=
 
avg
P
D
=
 
P
cos
u
=
 
s
= -
Fx
 
2
12
s
U
=
x
 
2
s
m
 p 
=
 
2
 p
g
 p 
=
 
1
 f 
=
 
122
G
Gm m
= -
 
12
G
Gm m
= -
 
a
= acceleration
= force
 f 
= frequency
h
= height
 J 
= impulse
= kinetic energy
= spring constant
 
= length
m
= mass
 N 
= normal force
P
= power
 p
= momentum
= radius or distance
= period
= time
 
= potential energy
 
u
 
= velocity or speed
 
= work done on a system
 
 x
= position
 
 m
 
= coefficient of friction
 
 
= angle
 
= torque
 
2
120
14
q q
 p 
=
 
 
q
=
FE
 
120
14
 E 
q qU qV 
 p 
= =
 
 
avg
 E 
= -
 
0
14
iii
q
 p 
=
Â
 
 
Q
=
 
0
 A
=
 
 
2
1122
c
U QV C
= =
 
avg
Q I 
DD
=
 
 R A
 r
=
 
V IR
=
 
P IV 
=
 
 p ii
C
=
Â
 
11
s ii
C
=
Â
 
i
is
 R R
=
Â
 
11
i
i p
 R R
=
Â
 
sin
 B
F q B
u
=
 
sin
 B
F BI 
=
 
0
2
 I  B
 m p 
=
 
cos
m
BA
f
=
 
m
f
 e
DD
= -
avg
 
 B
u
 e
=
 
 A
= area
 B
= magnetic field
= capacitance
= distance
 E 
= electric field
 
 e
=
emf 
 
= force
 I 
= current
= length
 
P
= power
Q
= charge
q
= point charge
 R
= resistance
= distance
= time
= potential (stored) energy
 
= electric potentia
l orpotential difference
 
u
 
= velocity or speed
 
 r
 
= resistivity
 
= angle
 
f
m
 
= magnetic flux
 

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