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Methods / Methodologies

Methods / Methodologies

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Published by Mariana Grohowski
Invited Lecture / Dr. Lisa Watrous' Research Methods Course. MTU. 10.11.2013
Invited Lecture / Dr. Lisa Watrous' Research Methods Course. MTU. 10.11.2013

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Published by: Mariana Grohowski on Oct 03, 2013
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 Mariana Grohowski | 10.11.13 | invited lecture
Theoretical Frame:
Feminist Standpoint theory(1) Knowledge is socially situated.(2) Marginalized groups are socially situatedin invaluable ways; their awareness fostersthe potential for more critical perspectives.(3) Research should start with & from thelives of the marginalized. (Harding; Naples;Cockburn).
(1) “Rights of co-interpretation” (Newkirk)(2) Transparency(3) Self-reflection: positionality &intersectionality(4) Reciprocity & collaboration(5) UDL approach to participantengagement
Research Questions:
(1) What are some of the literate practicesof current and former female military-servicepersonnel? Specifically, what are the modesand content of those literate practices?(2) What are the impetuses for thesewomen’s literate practices? Specifically, howdoes the exigency influence the modes andcontent of their literate practices?(6) In Vivo coding
HSRB approved methods:
-2 Case studies-10 Interviews with female military-servicepersonnel-10 Interviews with male military-servicepersonnel-10 interviews with BGSU student veterans-2 mixed method e-surveys Limitations Possible remedies
Engaging feminisms (methodologies &epistemologies)
Time, messiness, bias, essentialism,politics, limitations of methods
Mixed methods research
Methods of triangulation
“social relation” (Kelly-Gagol, 1987)
Secondary research
Collaboration (subjects as co-interpreters): any “cooperative endeavor involving two or more peoplethat results in a rhetorical product, performance, or event. This definition considers process fully as muchas product" (Buchanan 2005; pp.134-5).In vivo coding: or “verbatim coding”; “codes [develop from] the terms used by [participants]themselves” (Saldana 2013; p. 91).
Mariana Grohowski | 10.11.13 | invited lecture
mgrohow@bgsu.edu // @maregrohowskiIntersectionality: a method of self-reflection / analysis in which the researcher is aware of the multipleroles (or positions) she and her “subjects” occupy (e.g., a man, working class, military-service personnel).(Cockburn 2007; p. 8).Mixed Methods: design of a research study to deliberately gather and analyze both qualitative andquantitative data: “the use of both approaches in tandem so that the overall strength of a study isgreater than [the sum of its] qualitative or quantitative [parts]” (Creswell 2009; p. 5).Positionality: a method of self-reflection in which the researcher engages in a constant interrogation ofone's subjects and one's own positionality and location; “useful in pointing to identity (as ascribed) andthe self (as experienced) as being something complex and unpredictable, since we are eachpositioned in more than one dimension of difference” (Cockburn 2007; p. 7).Reciprocity: the "open [transparent, conveyed] and conscious [self-critical] negotiation of the powerstructures reproduced during the give-and-take interactions of the people involved on both sides of therelationship” (Cushman 1996; p. 244).“Rights of co-interpretation” (Newkirk 1996): when the researcher shares and invites the researchsubject to provide counterinterpretations of the researcher’s interpretations.Social relation: relating men’s experiences, responses, perspectives, etc. with women’s and vice-versato provide greater understanding of “how we are all … initially humanized” (Kelly-Gadol 1987; p.25).Transparency: the act of being upfront, clear, and explicit about the intricacies and details of theresearcher’s methodologies.Triangulation: the combination of multiple methods, co-interpreters, theories, etc. as an attempt toovercome biases and limitations of researcher and study.Universal Design for Learning (UDL):Multiple modes ofrepresentationMultiple modes ofaction & expressionMultiple modes ofengagement
Mariana Grohowski | 10.11.13 | invited lecture
mgrohow@bgsu.edu // @maregrohowski
Buchanan, Lindal. (2005).
Regendering delivery.
Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP.Cockburn, Cynthia. (2007). From where we stand: War, women’s activism, & feminist analysis. NY:Zed Books.Creswell, John W. (2009).
Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches.
Third Ed. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.Cushman, Ellen. (2010).
The rhetorician as an agent of social change.
In Thomas Deans, BarbaraRoswell, and Adrian J. Wurr (Eds.),
Writing and community engagement: A critical sourcebook
, pp.235-53. Boston: Bedford / St. Martin’s.Harding, Sandra. (1987).
Feminism and methodology: Social science issues.
Bloomington, IN:Indiana UP.----------- (1991).
Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from women’s lives.
New York:Cornell University Press.Kelly-Gadol, Joan. (1987).
The social relation of the sexes: Methodological implications of women’shistory.
In Sandra Harding (Ed.), Feminism & Methodology, pp. 15- 28. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.Naples, Nancy A. (2003).
Feminism and method: Ethnography, discourse analysis, and activist research.
 New York: Routledge.Newkirk, Thomas. (1996).
Seduction and betrayal in qualitative research.
In Peter Mortensen andGesa E. Kirsch (Eds.),
Ethics & representation in qualitative studies of literacy
. (pp. 3-16). Urbana, IL:National Council of Teachers of English.Saldana, Johnny. (2013).
The coding manual for qualitative researchers.
Los Angeles: Sage.

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