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rfc0821

rfc0821

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Published by: samkraju on Jul 13, 2009
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 RFC 821 SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL Jonathan B. PostelAugust 1982 Information Sciences InstituteUniversity of Southern California4676 Admiralty WayMarina del Rey, California 90291(213) 822-1511
 
 RFC 821 August 1982Simple Mail Transfer ProtocolTABLE OF CONTENTS1. INTRODUCTION .................................................. 12. THE SMTP MODEL ................................................ 23. THE SMTP PROCEDURE ............................................ 43.1. Mail ..................................................... 43.2. Forwarding ............................................... 73.3. Verifying and Expanding .................................. 83.4. Sending and Mailing ..................................... 113.5. Opening and Closing ..................................... 133.6. Relaying ................................................ 143.7. Domains ................................................. 173.8. Changing Roles .......................................... 184. THE SMTP SPECIFICATIONS ...................................... 194.1. SMTP Commands ........................................... 194.1.1. Command Semantics ..................................... 194.1.2. Command Syntax ........................................ 274.2. SMTP Replies ............................................ 344.2.1. Reply Codes by Function Group ......................... 354.2.2. Reply Codes in Numeric Order .......................... 364.3. Sequencing of Commands and Replies ...................... 374.4. State Diagrams .......................................... 394.5. Details ................................................. 414.5.1. Minimum Implementation ................................ 414.5.2. Transparency .......................................... 414.5.3. Sizes ................................................. 42APPENDIX A: TCP ................................................. 44APPENDIX B: NCP ................................................. 45APPENDIX C: NITS ................................................ 46APPENDIX D: X.25 ................................................ 47APPENDIX E: Theory of Reply Codes ............................... 48APPENDIX F: Scenarios ........................................... 51GLOSSARY ......................................................... 64REFERENCES ....................................................... 67Network Working Group J. PostelRequest for Comments: DRAFT ISI
 
Replaces: RFC 788, 780, 772 August 1982SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL1. INTRODUCTIONThe objective of Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is to transfermail reliably and efficiently.SMTP is independent of the particular transmission subsystem andrequires only a reliable ordered data stream channel. Appendices A,B, C, and D describe the use of SMTP with various transport services.A Glossary provides the definitions of terms as used in thisdocument.An important feature of SMTP is its capability to relay mail acrosstransport service environments. A transport service provides aninterprocess communication environment (IPCE). An IPCE may cover onenetwork, several networks, or a subset of a network. It is importantto realize that transport systems (or IPCEs) are not one-to-one withnetworks. A process can communicate directly with another processthrough any mutually known IPCE. Mail is an application or use ofinterprocess communication. Mail can be communicated betweenprocesses in different IPCEs by relaying through a process connectedto two (or more) IPCEs. More specifically, mail can be relayedbetween hosts on different transport systems by a host on bothtransport systems.Postel [Page 1]

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