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field instrumentation technical handbook

field instrumentation technical handbook

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Published by Asep Herman

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Published by: Asep Herman on Jul 14, 2009
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10/07/2013

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Technical Handbook
Worldwide Level and Flow SolutionsSM
\u00ae\ue000
Table of Contents
Conversions

Metric Values................................................................................1 Metric Prefixes..............................................................................1 Temperature.................................................................................2 Flow Rate.....................................................................................3 Miscellaneous...............................................................................5

Equivalents

Liquid Measures and Weights....................................................12 Kinematic Viscosity....................................................................12 Absolute Viscosity......................................................................13 Electrical Units............................................................................13 Degrees API and Degrees Baum\u00e9.............................................14 Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity................................................15 Pressure and Head....................................................................16

Properties

Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids......................17 Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases.......................18 Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water.......................19 Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water...........20 Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products.....................................21 Density of Air..............................................................................22 Speed of Sound.........................................................................22 Dielectric Constants of Liquids...................................................23 Dielectric Constants of Solids....................................................29 Viscosity of Gases and Vapors..................................................30 Viscosity of Water and Steam....................................................31 Viscosity of Various Liquids........................................................31 Viscosity of Petroleum Products................................................32

Pipe Data

Dimensions of Blind Flanges......................................................33 Flange Ratings by Class............................................................35 Cast Iron Pipe............................................................................38 Steel Pipe...................................................................................39

This Technical
Handbook is the
result of a combined
effort by the
Engineering, Sales,
and Marketing

Departments.

All reasonable efforts have
been made to accurately
compile the information
contained in this handbook.
However, no warranty is made
with regard to any such
information, and Magnetrol
cannot assume responsibility
for any possible errors or any
direct or indirect result of the
use of such information.

Conversions: Metric Prefixes
atto. . . . . . . . . . . . . a. . . . . . . one-quintillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.000 000 000 000 000 001..............................10\u201318
femto. . . . . . . . . . . f. . . . . . . . one-quadrillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.000 000 000 000 001......................................10\u201315
pico. . . . . . . . . . . . p. . . . . . . one-trillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.000 000 000 001..............................................10\u201312
nano. . . . . . . . . . . . n. . . . . . . one-billionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.000 000 001.......................................................10\u20139
micro. . . . . . . . . . . \u00b5. . . . . . . one-millionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.000 001...............................................................10\u20136
milli. . . . . . . . . . . . . m. . . . . . . one-thousandth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.001.......................................................................10\u20133
centi. . . . . . . . . . . . c. . . . . . . one-hundredth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.01.........................................................................10\u20132
deci. . . . . . . . . . . . d. . . . . . . one-tenth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.1...........................................................................10\u20131
uni. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.0...........................................................................100
deka. . . . . . . . . . . . da. . . . . . ten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.0...........................................................................101

hecto. . . . . . . . . . . h. . . . . . . one hundred. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.0...........................................................................102 kilo. . . . . . . . . . . . . k. . . . . . . one thousand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000.0...........................................................................103 mega. . . . . . . . . . . M. . . . . . . one million. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000.0...........................................................................106 giga. . . . . . . . . . . . G. . . . . . . one billion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000.0...........................................................................109 tera. . . . . . . . . . . . . T. . . . . . . one trillion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000 000.0...........................................................................1012

The table below provides a fast and easy means of conversion from one metric notation to another. The value labeled \u201cUnit\u201d represents a basic unit of measurement, such as meter, gram, ohm, erg, etc. First, locate the original value in the left-hand column. Follow the row horizontally to the vertical column headed by the prefix of the desired value. The arrow and figure at this intersection represent the direction in which the decimal point should be moved and the number of places to move it.

Example:Convert 0.15 kilowatts to watts. Starting at the

\u201cKilo-\u201d box in the left-hand column, move horizontally to the column headed by \u201cUnit\u201d (since watt is a basic unit of measurement), and read 3

. Thus 0.15 kilowatts is the
equivalent of 150 watts.
Example:Convert 4,500 kilohertz to megahertz, read in the
box horizontal to \u201cKilo-\u201d and under \u201cMega-\u201d the notation

3, which means a shift of the decimal point three places to the left. Thus, 4,500 kilohertz is the equivalent of 4.5 megahertz.

Original
Value
Desired Value
Tera-
Giga- Mega- Myria-
Kilo- Hecto- Deka-
Unit
Deci- Centi-
Milli- Micro- Nano- Pico-
Tera-

Giga-
Mega-
Myria-
Kilo-
Hecto-
Deka-
Unit
Deci-
Centi-
Milli-
Micro-
Nano-
Pico-

3689
10

11 12 13 14 15 18 21 24

356789
10

11 12 15 18 21

23456789

12 15 18

1234567

10 13 16

1234569
12
15
123458
11
14
12347
10
13
12369
12
1258
11
147
10
369
36
3
3
63
852
9631
10
7421
11
85321
12
964321
13
10
754321
14
11
8654321
15
12
97654321

18 15 12 10

9876543

21 18 15 13 12 11

10
98763

24 21 18 16 15 14 13 12 11

10
963
Conversions: Metric Values
1

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