Lecture No: 11.1.Waste materials: sources and quantities and characterization
Solid waste materials are handled by what is termed the waste management system.Waste management is a tradition that goes a long way back as solid waste has existed for about as long as the human race and waste management has now become a complex task asthe amounts and complexity of solid waste materials have increased dramatically especiallyduring the 20
century. Optimal waste management depends upon the quantities of waste butalso on the composition of the waste materials. This chapter discusses the sources, quantityand quality of solid waste materials.
1.2. The role of solid waste management.
Human activities invariable involve the consumption of matter (food, water, metaletc.) and the production of waste products (waste water, air pollution, solid wastes, etc.).Seen in a greater perspective, the human society may be viewed as a device that transformsnatural resources into undesirable waste products under the production of desirable productssuch as energy, food, consumer goods etc. as illustrated in
Natural resourcesWaste productsDisposal
managementFig.1.1. The role of waste management in the turnover of matter in the human society
These products, however, ultimately end up as waste at some point n time such thatthe overall process is that of converting natural resources into waste. The depletion of naturalresources is undesirable as it reduces the possibility fir future generations to have access to