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Kumpulan Jadual Berkala

Kumpulan Jadual Berkala

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Published by fanzkito

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Published by: fanzkito on Jul 14, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Kumpulan jadual berkala adalah lajur menegak dalam jadual berkala bagi unsur.Terdapat 18 kumpulan dalam jadual berkala piawai. Unsur dalam satu kumpulanmempunyai ciri-ciri yang serupa dalamelektron valensmereka, yang memberikanmereka ciri-ciri serupaUNSUR DALAM KUMPULAN 2
Unsur kumpulan 2 merupakan unsur logam alkali bumi. Ia mempunyai 2 elektron valensdan bersifat logam. Unsur-unsur tersebut ialah1.Berilium (Be)2.Magnesium (Mg)3.Kalsium (Ca)4.Strontium (Sr)5.Barium (Ba)6.Radium (Ra)
Kala ialah bahagian mengufuk. Terdapat 7 kala iaitu 3 kala pendek dan 4 kalapanjang.Nombor kala di tentukan oleh bilangan petala elektronUNSUR DALAM KALA 3
1.Natrium (Na)2.Magnesium (Mg)3.Aluminium (Al)4.Silikon (Si)5.Fosforus ( P )6.Sulfur (S)7.Klorin ( Cl)8.Argon (Ar)1
 
SIFAT FIZIK UnsurKetumpatan(g/cm³)Takatlebur(°C)Takatdidih(°C)Muatan haba(J/mol·K)
Berilium 1.850 1287 2469 16.443Magnesium1.738650.000109024.869Kalsium1.550842.000148425.929Srontium2.640777.000138226.400 Natrium0.96897.72088328.230Aluminium2.70066.032251924.200Silikon2.3301414.000326519.789Fosforus1.82344.20027723.824Sulfur2.080115.210444.622.750Klorin(Gas)3.2 g/L-101.5-34.0433.949Argon(Gas)1.784g/L-189.35-185.8520.786
SIFAT KIMIAKlorin-iodin
I
2
(
 s
) + Cl
2
(
 g 
) --> 2 ICl(
)2 ICl(
) + 2 Cl
2
(
 g 
) --> I
2
Cl
6
(
 s
)
Magnesium-karbon dioksida
2 Mg(s) + CO
2
2 MgO(s) + C(s)2

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