--- As a fuel for Diesel Engine, to produce electrical energy---After upgrading, supplied as fuel gas to domestic consumers.
12.3. Composition of Landfill Gas
The land-fill gas is generated by the fermentation of organic matter dumped in thelandfill. The process sis called anaerobic fermentation i.e. decomposition caused by(anaerobe, the microorganisms) without need of oxygen. This process is suitable for municipal manure. The process takes place at low temperatures up to 60
C and requiresmoisture. The gases produced vary in composition with time taken by the process (
).After a period of 2 months from starting, the landfill gas has mainly methane (52%) andcarbon dioxide (46%). During initial periods other gases like oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen etc.are released in different proportions.
Fig.12.2 Composition of the landfill gas changing with time
During the decomposition, the temperature of the upper portion of the land-fill rises toabout 60
C. Landfill gas is not a pure methane carbon dioxide mix. It has several other gasesincluding some corrosive gases. For simple burning applications such as furnaces and kilns,the landfill gas is used without separation of methane and other constituents.For domestic cooking gas, the landfill gas is converted to compressed Natural GAS(CNG) or Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) by intermediate process. For use in vehicles as a fuel,the methane gas is separated form the total landfill gas and is purified to pure methane.