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Abnormal+Psychology

Abnormal+Psychology

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Published by lindseyg89

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Published by: lindseyg89 on Oct 05, 2013
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07/14/2015

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RUNNING HEAD: Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper 1When speaking of psychology, it is important to realize there are two types: Normal and abnormal psychology. To compare and contrast these two what will beexamined are different types of mental illnesses and mental disorders. What will also bediscussed are the various therapies used to treat these conditions. Different mentalconditions require different types of treatments. These treatments can vary based onfactors, such as whether the condition is a mental illness or mental disorder and theschool of psychological thought the psychiatrist treating the patient follows.When an individual thinks of the words normal and abnormal, the thoughts of mental as well as emotional states or behaviors of human beings come to mind. Societyhas put a tremendous input on what is normal and abnormal. Given the nature of lifeexperiences such as feeling of guilt, anger, anxiety, disappointment, and many other similar states are normal. Those dealing with mental disorders would be classified asabnormal. Individuals with a
 
high IQ level would be normal to society were as those witha low IQ level would be considered
 
abnormal to society.Abnormal psychology involves dealing with psychopathology and those withabnormal behavior. Abnormal points toward dealing with something outside the norm.
“The behavior occurs infrequently and thus deviates from statistical norms”
(Strickland,B). Disorders include those dealing with things like depression and attention deficit.Before classifying ones trait or behavior as abnormal, it is important to clarify whatdisorder may be.
 
RUNNING HEAD: Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper 2 Normal psychology deals with those trying to adapt to different emotions or demands in life. One can be average in every possible way but also have differentdisturbances in life. What might be a normal routine to one person might be an abnormalroutine to another. Human behavior will always be hard to be understood because
 
everyone will always be his or her own person.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
 Obsessive compulsive disorder is found in many people young and old. It is adisorder that will disrupt a day and can cause other disorders. OCD is intrusive thoughtsor images, which increase anxiety, and by repetitive actions decrease anxiety (Obsessive,2002). A person can wake up in the morning and have to blink ten times before gettingout of bed; the thoughts that come to their mind have to be completed
 
for them to have aregular day. The feelings or ideas that they have are called compulsions, once the idea isfulfilled
 
there is a temporary relief. OCD affects about 2.2 million American adults; itusually begins in teenage years. This is now starting to show up at a younger age. Many people with OCD have developed disorders like eating and anxiety disorders as well asdepression. Treatment for OCD is pharmaceutical or through behavioral treatments.Treatments effect people differently, some benefit from medicine whereas others benefit better from therapy. Research progresses this disorder with the hope of one day finding a better treatment (Obsessive-Compulsive 1991-2013).
Dementia
 Dementia
 
is a loss of intellectual capacity, to the extent where normal, social, andoccupational functions can no longer be carried
 
out. It is expected
 
from normal aging.
 
RUNNING HEAD: Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper 3This term is reserved
 
for multifunctional disorders that are characterized
 
through the lossof memory, reasoning, judgment, and other higher mental processes. Alterations in personality and modes of social interaction accompany these cognitive deficits
 
(Dementia. (2009). In the Penguin Dictionary of Psychology.)Dementia can be classified as either reversible or irreversible, depending on theetiology of the disease. Less than 10% of the given cases are because of 
 
causes that may be reversed
 
with treatment. A few of the most common forms of dementia are
Alzheimer’s disease
, Vascular Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia, Semantic Dementia,and last Dementia with Lewy Bodies.This disorder is only a problem of memory, it also reduces the ability to learn, toreason, to retain or recall past experiences, and there is a large amount of loss dealing
with patterns of thought, one’s feelings, and their activities. Dementia worsens as
individuals suffering from it may neglect themselves. Behavior may becomedisorganized, restless, and inappropriate. Some become restless or may wander throughthe day or at night. A common symptom of dementia is to deny that relatives are in fact,relatives of their own. Depression affects 20-30% of those who have the disorder andabout 20% have anxiety.There is no cure. However, properly educating and providing emotional care tocaregivers and those working in elderly care centers assists in dealing with this disorder.There are currently no medications that have been prove to prevent or cure dementia.

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