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Published by Dylan Roscover

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Published by: Dylan Roscover on Jul 06, 2007
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Dylan RoscoverAVEP Electronics 4th hourChapter One ReviewReviewing the basics1.Data is stored as binary because binary is virtually error-proof. Between one and zero, yes and no, there cannotpossibly any more degrees of difference; therefore, when reador written to, the chances of errors are reducedsignificantly, as compared to the original 0-9 varying-degreeconcept.2.The four primary functions of hardware are input, processing,output, and storage.3.Three things that electronic hardware devices need in orderto function are a method for the CPU to communicate with thedevice(s), software/firmware to operate the device, and butof course electricity to power the device(s).4.There are eight bits in a byte.5.The purpose of an expansion slot on a motherboard is to add/upgrade functionality into the system as "needed". I.e., Imight want a better graphics card, such as the ATI RadeonX1950XTX 512MB PCI-Express (har har har), so instead of justgetting an entirely new system, I could simply "upgrade" mycurrent system: that is, if the current system supportedit ;-).6.The component on the motherboard most used for processing isthe Central Processing Unit, or CPU.7.Intel, AMD, and IBM are all manufacturers of CPUs, amongother chipsets and components. Motorola is the one the bookmentioned, but their CPUs are seldom found in PCs nowadays -they're leaning more toward communications equipment lasttime I checked.8.Silicon wafers are used most often today to manufacturemicrochips in plants where guys and gals wear bunny suits.This answer I am a little hesitant about, as I don't rememberthe book discussing it specifically, but that doesn't matterbecause I'm still right.9.Two other names for the system bus are Front-Side Bus (FSB)and host bus.10.Two other names for the motherboard are main board and logic
board. If you don't believe me, ask any other Mac zealot orApple employee... seriously, they call them the logic board.11.Universal Serial Bus (USB) [2.0 usually], mini-jack Audioinput/output, and 4-pin Firewire (aka IEEE 1394, iLink[Sony]). Parallel ports and keyboard/mouse are on their wayout, being replaced by USB, and serial 3-row, 15-pin videoports are being replaced by DVI (thankfully). Therefore, toinclude them is absurd.12.Three kinds of memory modules are Dual Inline Memory Module(DIMM), Single inline Memory Module (SIMM), and RIMM, whichdoesn't matter because apparently it's proprietary, andproprietary sucks.13.Volatile memory relies on a constant feed of electricity tofunction: when the electricity goes, so does all of the data.Nonvolatile relies on electricity as well, only it savesdata, so when power is turned off, you still have it.Nonvolatile is, however, much slower to access.14.IDE, or Integrated Drive Electronics [Enhanced IDE (EIDE) forthose who really care] cables, aka Ribbon cables, provide upto four devices on a system, though more can be put on asystem. For example, the new Mac Pro has room for up to fourinternal HDDs and two internal ODD (Optical Disc drives),among other expansion.15.The size of the data path on most system buses today isusually between 8 and 128 bits wide... usually more toward128 bits, I'd assume.16.The measurement of frequency of a system bus and CPU is Hertz(Hz). One hertz is one cycle. Thus, system bus is usuallyfound in the Megahertz (MHz) range and CPU in the Gigahertz(GHz) range. Obviously the CPU is far more frequent :-) thanthe system bus.17.EIDE bus, PCI bus, PCI-E bus, and system bus (dur dur dur).18.A power supply receives 120 volts of Alternating Current (AC)power from a wall outlet and converts it to 3.3, 5, and 12volts of Direct Current (DC) power.19.ROM BIOS chips that can be upgraded without replacing thechips are called programmable (heh Just kidding, really, theyare "flash ROM").20.Three ways data can be stored on a motherboard are systemBIOS, startup BIOS, and CMOS setup.

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