Functions of Motor Neurons
The motor neurons responsible for the contraction of skeletal musclesare arranged topographically in the ventral gray horn of spinal cord.2.
The motor neurons in the cranial nerve nuclei of brainstem innervatethe extrinsic muscles of eyeball and the muscles of face, tongue, neck and upper part of trunk.3.
These muscles are concerned with ocular movements and themovements of facial expressions, chewing, swallowing and themovements of head and shoulder.4.
The motor neurons are situated in the nuclei of cranial nerves III, IV,V, VI, VII, IX, X, XI and XII.
b. CEREBRAL CORTEX
The cortical areas concerned with origin of motor signals are theprimary motor area, premotor area, and supplementary motor area infrontal lobe and sensory area in the parietal lobe.2.
The cortical areas send their output signals to spinal cord viacorticospinal tracts and to brainstem via corticobulbar tracts.3.
About 30% of the fibers forming corticospinal and corticobulbar tractstake their origin from primary and supplementary motor cortex, 30%from premotor area and remaining 40 % from parietal lobeparticularly from sensory area.