Disadvantages of IGF
Hard to control and monitor due to number of countries
Hard for developing and under developed to keep up with developed countries in terms of technology and manpower
Standard policies means competition which would be hard for underdeveloped and developingcountries
Internet governance affects various critical issues such as open access, freedom of expression,innovation and new applications, commerce, development, and security which cannot be underlined.As of mid-June 2013, there were 6.84 million internet users in Nepal. The market is lead by big twoorganization Ncell and Nepal Telecom which covers 97 percent of the customers
. The country’s internet
penetration rate had reached 25.82 percent of the total population of 26.49 million as of mid-June 2013.The penetration rate was 19 percent a year ago. Bandwidth use has soared with the rising popularity of social networking sites, email and internet video. Facebook, YouTube and Google are the top threewebsites visited by Nepali internet users.Digital Development has set new goals, regarding affordability and accessibility of broadband forcountries in order to accelerate the progress of the Millennium Development Goals. These goals willmaterialize if there is fair play in the market place.
Around 90 percent of the country’s data customers
are mobile GPRS users. The remaining 10 percent are the users of 3G service, ADSL, optical fibre, cablemodem, EDVO, CDMA 1X, dial up and WiMax services.
Nepal’s telecom companies and internet service pr
oviders (ISPs) paid Rs 3.76 billion to international carriers in bandwidth fees to access the internet in the last fiscal year where as its licensees paid Rs2.58 billion as bandwidth charges during the previous fiscal 2011-12.
Challenges and Prospects:
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is the only global forum where all Internet stakeholders are openlyinvited with no reservation to discuss operational, technical, commercial, and administrative aspects of managing Internet growth. It is a right of every individual country to search and look for options and tomake their voices heard in regards to their problems and best practice that can further help improve theinternet. Nepal being a part of the global Internet network needs to have its position clear in the IGF
Importance of use and access:
Internet has established itself as a daily commodity where thestandardization in use and access of internet is a major hurdle for Nepal. Nepali customers canchoose from an array of services ranging from wireless GPRS and high speed lease line service to3G mobile data service. Though the use and access has phenomenally gone but still the pricesare very high in comparison to normal standard
The number of data subscribers has increased to 6.4 million as of mid-April from 4.6 million ayear ago (as of mid-April 2012). According to the NTA, a majority of the internet subscribersare cell phone users who use GPRS
a mobile data service