For a given length of column the total length of lacing bars is about 0,83 times thatof the latticed column shown in layout (b).
Both the length of each diagonal lattice bar and the force in it are about 0,82 timesthose in detail (b), so a lighter section can be used.
For a given length of column the number of bars required is about 0,86 times thosein (b), resulting in far fewer end connection welds to the column legs.
The ends of the bars can be more snugly nested into the inner faces of the columnflanges, allowing longer welds to be laid.
The shear deflection of the column under transverse loading is reduced.The only disadvantage of layout (a) is that the laterally unsupported lengths of the columnlegs (i.e. for buckling about their y-axes) are slightly greater, but this is very rarely critical.The lacing bars should be welded to the inner faces of the column legs, as shown inFig 10.3, rather than to the outer faces. This results in a more compact overall size ofcolumn (in plan), a lesser total length of lacing bar and greatly improved appearance.Also, in a column with legs of equal serial size but of unequal massm, the distancebetween the inner faces of the flanges on both legs is equal, whereas the distancebetween the outer faces is not.
10.4 Box columns
Box columns, which are only used when large loads have to be carried over a great heightor when aesthetic considerations govern, may be of compact cross section, as in detail(a) of Fig 10.4, or be large enough to allow internal access for making joints, painting, etc,as shown in detail (b). In the latter case, because of the large width-to-thickness ratios ofthe plates, internal stiffeners or diaphragms are required. Sufficient clearance must beavailable to accommodate a vertical access ladder.
Fig 10.3: Welding of lacing bars