Derived modules are multiples or sub-multiples of the basic module. According toSABS 993-1972 the preferred multi-modules for horizontal dimensions of largecomponents and structural work are 3M (300 mm), 6M (600 mm) and 12M (1 200 mm).Therefore, in choosing values for the main setting-out dimensions of buildings, multiplesof the above multi-modules should preferably be used.An important advantage of modular co-ordination is that, when applied to standardbuilding components, it yields a range of products that, though widely diversified in shape,size and material, are all inter-related dimensionally in a way that will enable them to beused together in a building without modification. It is clear that if the building frameworkon the one hand and the components that go into it on the other are both designed on thesame modular principles, their combination in the final structure will be made so mucheasier.So far, full advantage has not been taken of metrication in South Africa in theimplementation of the modular dimensioning of components, but it is to be hoped that themanufacture of prefabricated components on a modular basis will become morewidespread as time goes on.
16.3 Application to steel framed buildings
In the context of the structural framework for steel buildings, the co-ordination ofdimensions has to do with the orderly selection of controlling dimensions for the mainplanning grid (e.g. column centres), which in turn is a measure of the span sizes and baylengths, and then the division of these dimensions into suitable sub-multiples such astruss and intermediate column spacings, truss and girder panel sizes, etc, to achievemaximum simplicity, convenience and repetition.The best way to illustrate the idea is by reference to a typical building structure, and thefollowing paragraphs deal with particular aspects of building framing, viz. maindimensions, bay lengths, spans, truss spacings, lattice girder framing, crane girders,handrailing, etc. The principles outlined can of course be applied to almost any part of thestructure.
16.4 Main dimensions in plan
Fig 16.1 shows the arrangement of a typical steel-framed crane gantry building with onemain bay and a lean-to. It will be used as an example of how the main or controllingdimensions are divided up in accordance with the concept stated above. It is assumedthat the building length, width and height have been dictated by functional requirements,but that the bay lengths (along the building) are left to the designer.In this case it is suggested that a bay length of 12,0 m be chosen, for the followingreasons: