Benjamin Bloom’s Taxonomy of educational objectives (1956)differentiates between three domains of learning: cognitive, affectiveand psychomotor. Good planning will ensure that learning objectivestarget a range of associated skills.
Domain Target Focus
CognitiveKnowledge, intellectual skillsMindAffectiveAttitudes, interests, feelings,values, adjustmentsSpiritPsychomotorMotor and manipulations skillsBody
When setting objectives, select the emphasis of learning and therelevant verb:
Domain Emphasis Relevant Verbs
CognitiveKnowledgeRecall, identify, recognize, acquire, distinguish, state, define, name, list, label, reproduce,order CognitiveComprehensionTranslate, extrapolate, convert, interpret, abstract, transform, select, indicate, illustrate,represent, formulate, explain, classifyCognitiveApplicationApply, sequence, carry out, solve, prepare, operate, generalize, plan, repair, explain,predict, demonstrate, instruct, compute, use, perform, implement, employ, solveCognitiveAnalysisAnalyze, estimate, compare, observe, detect, classify, discover, discriminate, explore,distinguish, catalogue, investigate, breakdown, order, determine, differentiate, dissect,contrast, examine, interpretCognitiveSynthesisWrite, plan, integrate, formulate, propose, specify, produce, organize, theorize, design,build, systematize, combine, summarize, restate, argue, discuss, derive, relate, generalize,conclude, produceCognitiveEvaluationEvaluate, verify, assess, test, judge, rank, measure, appraise, select, check, judge, justify,evaluate, determine, support, defend, criticize, weigh, assessAffectiveAgree, avoid, support, participate, cooperate, praise, help, offer, joinPsychomotorAdjust, repair, taste, bend, measure, perform, operate, use, move
John James 2008