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Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

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Published by Eric Fidler

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Published by: Eric Fidler on Jul 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Unanimous Declaration of theThirteen United States of America
hen, in the course of human events, it becomesnecessary for one people to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with another,and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separateand equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature'sGod entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankindrequires that they should declare the causes which impel themto the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men arecreated equal, that they are endowed by their Creator withcertain unalienable rights, that among these are life, libertyand the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights,governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever anyform of government becomes destructive to these ends, it isthe right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institutenew government, laying its foundation on such principles andorganizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seemmost likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence,indeed, will dictate that governments long established shouldnot be changed for light and transient causes; and accordinglyall experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed tosuffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves byabolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But whena long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariablythe same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throwoff such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity whichconstrains them to alter their former systems of government.The history of the present King of Great Britain is a historyof repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct
Declaration of Independence2
object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over thesestates. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome andnecessary for the public good.He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediateand pressing importance, unless suspended in their operationtill his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, hehas utterly neglected to attend to them.He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodationof large districts of people, unless those people wouldrelinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a rightinestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual,uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their publicrecords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them intocompliance with his measures.He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, tocause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers,incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at largefor their exercise; the state remaining in the meantimeexposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, andconvulsions within.He has endeavored to prevent the population of thesestates; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalizationof foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage theimigration hither, and raising the conditions of newappropriations of lands.He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusinghis assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for thetenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.
Declaration of Independence3
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armieswithout the consent of our legislature.He has affected to render the military independent of andsuperior to civil power.He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdictionforeign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws;giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:For protecting them, by mock trial, from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states:For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world:For imposing taxes on us without our consent:For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury:For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretendedoffenses:For abolishing the free system of English laws in aneighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrarygovernment, and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it atonce an example and fit instrument for introducing the sameabsolute rule in these colonies:For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuablelaws, and altering fundamentally the forms of ougovernments:For suspending our own legislatures, and declaringthemselves invested with power to legislate for us in all caseswhatsoever.He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.He is at this time transporting large armies of foreignmercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation andtyranny, already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, andtotaly unworth the head of a civilized nation.He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the

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