From "McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science andTechnology"
A multilayered, multidimensional means to safeguard passengers, crew, ground personnel, and the general public against acts of unlawful interference perpetrated in flight or within the confines of the airport. It specifically refers to the techniques andmethods used in protecting aviation from crime or terrorism.Preventive measures are techniques and methods that are in place to prevent potential threats (such as terrorists, criminals, orexplosive materials) from getting on the aircraft. All carry-on baggage is screened by explosive detection equipment or “otherappropriate means of detection,” which could include trace-chemical detection equipment, manual searches, and bomb-sniffingdogs. The high cost of explosive detection machines may account for the approval by the Transportation Security Administration(TSA) of the use of alternative detection systems. The screening of both people and carry-on luggage remains a controversialissue with security breaches occurring and travelers subjected to different rules from airport to airport. Changes beingconsidered include replacing federal screeners with private screeners at some airports; implementing programs that usebiometric systems to screen out potential terrorists; employing new explosion detection, trace-chemical detection, and bombdetection systems; increasing video surveillance; and installing more stringent cargo security systems that track airport workersin luggage and loading areas. Many improvements have been made in aviation security in regards to screening passengers andcargo for potential hazards. Various technological advances have been made to develop more rigorous explosive detectionsystems with highly developed surveillance systems.Defensive measures are systems and devices that are in place to defend against threats (such as terrorists, criminals, orexplosive materials) that are on the aircraft or can attack the aircraft in flight. Many advances have been made in thedevelopment of sophisticated defense systems and devices. These advances are providing progressively safer service worldwidefor passengers traveling by air transportation. .
Air transportationKATHLEEN M. SWEET
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