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IV Cannula

IV Cannula

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Published by Kat Ponce
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Published by: Kat Ponce on Oct 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/06/2013

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Cannula:
 
(derived from latin "little Reed", plural cannulae)
 Cannula is a tube that can be inserted in body mainly to administer of remove fluid. I.V. cannula comewith trocar to puncture skin and vein in order to get into the intended vein.
Indications of IV cannula:
 1.
 
To administer long term I.V. therapy; fluids, injections.2.
 
Before surgery large bore cannula is inserted.3.
 
For blood and blood product transfusion4.
 
For blood collection, when donating blood.
Complications:
There are mainly four complications.1.
 
Haematoma formation.2.
 
Infiliteration of medication into surrounding tissues3.
 
Embolism; that can be air, thrombus, fragment of catheter breaking of and entering into bloodstream.4.
 
Phlebitis; inflamation of vein.
Parts of I.V. cannula
 
 
 
Gauge Size color Code:
 Injection port caps are color coded for instant identification of cannula guage size.
Special consideration:
 
 
The size of cannula effects four factor;1.
 
Needle guage2.
 
External diamete of cannula i.e. its catheter3.
 
Length of catheter4.
 
Flow rate i.e. ml/min

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