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4098031 Radio Frequency Identification RFID

4098031 Radio Frequency Identification RFID



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Published by dhanush

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Published by: dhanush on Jul 16, 2009
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  RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)Contents Chapter 1 introduction to Radio Frequency Identification1.1. A brief history1.2 .RFID infrastructure1.2.1. Infrastructure elements1.2.2. RFID Frequencies1.2.3. RFID Standards:1.3. RFID Interference1.3.1 Common Interference Examples1.3.2 Types of Carrier InterferenceChapter 2. RFID APPLICATIONS IN LIBRARIES 2.1 Introduction (General View)2.2 RFID applicationChapter 3. THE FUTURE AND THE BIGGER PICTURE: TOWARDS AN  INTERNET OF THINGS 3.1 Introduction3.2 From identification to Wireless Sensor Networks3.3 Spatial identifiers – GPS 3.4 Miniaturization and motes3.5 Technological implications – information overload 3.6. THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE: THE FIVE-CENT TAGCONCLUSION References
 A new technology the
 Radio Frequency Identification
 , similar to LAN, WLAN, SAN, MAN, the RFID has the capability toexchange information with each other.Our project is divided into three chapters; each chapteexplains a part of the RFID technology.In chapter 1, we are giving a brief introduction of RFIDinfrastructure and we will explain each infrastructure elementsand how they interact together to obtain a scalable and reliablenetwork , we’ll also talk about the protocols that manage the RFID operations , RFID use specific protocols and standardsin the process of exchanching information to ensure that themessages are received and understood, these protocols areimplemented in software and hardware that is loaded on eachnetwork device and network path . At the end of the first chapter we’ll talk about the RFIDinterference and the problems that affect the message in its wayto the destination.Chapter 2 explains the RFID application in libraries; thischapter includes a general view of RFID application inlibraries, and a particular example of a library that uses 6  phases of identifications. Finally the last chapter introduces the future and the biggest  picture toward an internet of things and shows how RFIDbecomes a principle element in many future technologies.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Radio Frequency Identification1.1 A brief history
 RFID was developed out of the radar experiments and development during the Second World War. The actual date of invention is 1948 but this was followed by decades of development and experimentation before commercial applications were implemented. In July 1963 a passive RFID transponder developed and patended by Richardson ,the device could couple and rectify from an interrogator’s EM  field and transmit signals at a harmonic of the received frequency. In January 1967 Vinding developed a simple and inexpensive interrogator-transponder system based on inductive coupling, the transponder used repetitive tuning or loading of its antenna circuit at a rate characteristic of the particular under interrogation. In august 1975 Koelle, DEpp and Freyman introduced the novel concept of transponder antenna load modulation as a simple and effective way for backscatter modulation . In the late of 1960’s the first commercial application of RFID –Electronic Article Surveillance ,was developed by companies such as Kongo, sensormatic and check point. In the 1980s and 1990s , RFID becomes commercial the united statesincluded transportation and personnel access ,while European countrieswere interested in short range systems for tracking animals, industrial and business applications. In October 1987 in Alesund the first RFID based toll-collection systembecame operational. The increase in commercial use of RFID prompted a need for standards,which led to many standardization activities in the 1990’s, the international 

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