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Ecotourism Development – A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers Vol-1

Ecotourism Development – A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers Vol-1

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Ecotourism Development – A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers Vol-1
Ecotourism Development – A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers Vol-1

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Published by: GIANCARLO GALLEGOS PERALTA on Oct 06, 2013
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Ecotourism Development
 A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers
Volume l
 An Introductionto Ecotourism Planning
Second Edition
 
Volume l
 Andy Drumm and Alan Moore
 
Ecotourism Development – A Manual for Conservation Planners and Managers Volume 1: An Introduction to Ecotourism Planning, Second EditionCopyright © 2005 by The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia, USA. All rights reserved.First edition 2002I.S.B.N.: 1-886765-14-6Printing 7 6 5 4 3Editing: Alex SingerDesign/Layout: Jonathan KerrCover Photography: Ecotourists at Yaxchilan Mayan site, Chiapas, Mexico
©
 Andy Drumm; Jaragua NationalPark, Dominican Republic
©
 Andy Drumm; owl-eye monkeys, Panama
©
Marie ReadProduction: The Nature Conservancy Worldwide Office, 4245 North Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203, USAFax: 703-841-4880; email: publications@tnc.orgThis publication was made possible, in part, through support provided by the United Nations DevelopmentProgramme under terms of contract 2002-0501, and through support provided by the Office LAC/RSD, Bureaufor Latin American and the Caribbean, U.S. Agencey for International Development, under terms of Grant No.LAG-0782-A-00-5026-00. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflectthe views of the U.S. Agencey for International Development or of the United Nations Development Programme.This publication was also made possible, in part, thanks to the vision, trust, and support of the Alex C. Walker Foundation.For further information on the Conservancy’s ecotourism activities, please visit nature.org/ecotourism, or toprovide feedback, please write to ecotourism@tnc.org or to: Andy DrummSenior Ecotourism SpecialistThe Nature Conservancy Worldwide Office4245 North Fairfax Drive Arlington, VA 22203 USA
 printed on recycled paper 
 
S
ince the first edition was published nearly threeyears ago, tourism to protected areas has continuedto grow at a rapid rate. Inevitably then, demand forguidance on developing ecotourism opportunities andon managing the rising tourism tide at parks around theworld has expanded in a similar way. Yet even as thedemand for visiting natural areas increases, the numberof protected areas around the world remains compara-tively unchanged. To ensure that the increasing pressurefrom tourism does not threaten the long-term health of these precious areas, more than ever it is important thattourism development for protected areas occur withinthe context of conservation management.In this second edition, we have added new diagramsshowing the steps involved in the ecotourism develop-ment process. The figure on page 65 shows how eco-tourism is incorporated into the four components of theConservancy’s “Conservation Approach”. The diagramon page 61 shows the steps for creating an ecotourismmanagement plan once visitation is established as athreat or as an opportunity. Also new to this edition are several new case studiesabout community-based ecotourism. Other additionsinclude new references, updated statistics, and new ter-minology. With these updates, we hope the volume willcontinue to serve as a valuable resource for developingecotourism as an effective strategy for conservation.
3
Volume One: An Introduction to Ecotourism Planning
Preface to the Second Edition
E
cotourism has become an important economicactivity in natural areas around the world. It pro-vides opportunities for visitors to experience powerfulmanifestations of nature and culture and to learn aboutthe importance of biodiversity conservation and localcultures. At the same time, ecotourism generatesincome for conservation and economic benefits forcommunities living in rural and remote areas.The attributes of ecotourism make it a valuable toolfor conservation. Its implementation can:
give economic value to ecosystem services that pro-tected areas provide;
generate direct income for the conservation of pro-tected areas;
generate direct and indirect income for local stake-holders, creating incentives for conservation in localcommunities;
build constituencies for conservation, locally, nation-ally and internationally;
promote sustainable use of natural resources; and
reduce threats to biodiversity.Some areas have greater potential for realizing thebenefits of ecotourism than others. In areas with lowvisitation, the potential is not usually clear. In others,tourism may already be an important factor. In bothcases, the ecotourism planning process is critical toachieving ecotourism’s potential as a powerful conser-vation strategy.Of course, not all tourism to natural areas is eco-tourism. Nature tourism, as opposed to ecotourism,may lack mechanisms for mitigating impacts on theenvironment and fail to demonstrate respect for localculture. Economically, nature tourism is also booming.Consequently, we are witnessing an onslaught of visita-
Preface to the Ecotourism Development Manual

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