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13103598 Design of Bridge

13103598 Design of Bridge

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Published by dhanush

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Published by: dhanush on Jul 16, 2009
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11/18/2010

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About Us Site Map Contact Us
David Childs Ltd
 
HomeDesign NotesAbutmentsBearingsDeckDrainageFoundationsJointsParapetsPiersWing WallsTutorialsAbutment DesignGrillage AnalysisHA & HB LoadingInfluence LinesPrestressedConcrete BeamsSteel BeamsWorkshopWelcomeBridge PicturesCodes and BooksExcel ProformasLinksAdd to Favorites
 
Home| Design Notes
 
Bridge Components
Abutments|Bearings|Deck|Drainage|Footing/Foundations|Joints|Parapets|Piers|Wing Walls
 
Click onto the area of the bridge that you want details about.If you are starting a design then click onto the 'Deck'and read the section on 'Preliminary Design'.
Send me an Email if you have any problems with the design codes.Email:david@childs-ceng.demon.co.uk
D
 AVID
HILDS 
B.S 
., C.E 
NG 
., MICE 
BRIDGE COMPONENTShp://www.childsceng.demon.co.uk/parts/brdgbit.html1 of 13/7/2009 4:51 PM
 
About Us Site Map Contact Us
David Childs Ltd
 
HomeDesign NotesAbutmentsBearingsDeckDrainageFoundationsJointsParapetsPiersWing WallsTutorialsAbutment DesignGrillage AnalysisHA & HB LoadingInfluence LinesPrestressedConcrete BeamsSteel BeamsWorkshopWelcomeBridge PicturesCodes and BooksExcel ProformasLinksAdd to Favorites
 
Home|Design Notes| Bearings
 
Choice of Bearings
Bridge bearings are devices for transferring loads and movements from the deck to the substructureand foundations
.In highway bridge bearings movements are accommodated by the basic mechanisms of internaldeformation (elastomeric), sliding (PTFE), or rolling. A large variety of bearings have evolved usingvarious combinations of these mechanisms.Elastomeric BearingPlane Sliding BearingMultiple Roller Bearing
Design Considerations
The functions of each bearing type are :ElastomericThe elastomeric bearing allows the deck to translate and rotate, but also resists loads inthe longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions. Loads are developed, and movement isaccommodated by distorting the elastomeric pad.a.Plane SlidingSliding bearings usually consist of a low friction polymer, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE),sliding against a metal plate. This bearing does not accommodate rotational movement inthe longitudinal or transverse directions and only resists loads in the vertical direction.Longitudinal or transverse loads can be accommodated by providing mechanical keys. Thekeys resist movement, and loads in a direction perpendicular to the keyway.b.RollerLarge longitudinal movements can be accommodated by these bearings, but vertical loadsonly can generally be resisted.c.The designer has to assess the maximum and minimum loads that the deck will exert on the bearingtogether with the anticipated movements (translation and rotation). Bearing manufacturers willsupply a suitable bearing to meet the designers requirements.Bearings are arranged to allow the deck toexpand and contract, but retain the deck in itscorrect position on the substructure. A 'Fixed'Bearing does not allow translational movement.'Sliding Guided' Bearings are provided torestrain the deck in all translational directionsexcept in a radial direction from the fixedbearing. This allows the deck to expand andcontract freely. 'Sliding' Bearings are providedfor vertical support to the deck only.Design Standards|Bridge Components
D
 AVID
HILDS 
B.S 
., C.E 
NG 
., MICE 
B
EARINGS hp://www.childsceng.demon.co.uk/parts/bearing.html1 of 1 3/7/2009 4:52 PM
 
About Us Site Map Contact Us
David Childs Ltd
 
HomeDesign NotesAbutmentsBearingsDeckDrainageFoundationsJointsParapetsPiersWing WallsTutorialsAbutment DesignGrillage AnalysisHA & HB LoadingInfluence LinesPrestressedConcrete BeamsSteel BeamsWorkshopWelcomeBridge PicturesCodes and BooksExcel ProformasLinksAdd to Favorites
 
Home|Design Notes| Deck
 
Choice of 
Dck
Making the correct choice of deck
will depend on many factors. Use the links below to find out abouteach type.Preliminary Design- Making the correct choice of bridge deck type.Reinforced ConcretePrestressed ConcreteCompositeSteel Box GirderSteel TrussCable StayedSuspension Bridge Components
 
D
 AVID
HILDS 
B.S 
., C.E 
NG 
., MICE 
DE
CKhp://www.childsceng.demon.co.uk/pats/deck.html1 of 13/7/2009 4:53 M

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