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BIOENERGY, BIOFIELD, AURA - WHAT KIND OF ENERGY THEY ARE, AND WHETHER IT IS POSSIBLE TO MEASURE AND TO VISUELISE THEM (Ljubo M. Ristovski)

BIOENERGY, BIOFIELD, AURA - WHAT KIND OF ENERGY THEY ARE, AND WHETHER IT IS POSSIBLE TO MEASURE AND TO VISUELISE THEM (Ljubo M. Ristovski)

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There are a variety of doctrinal descriptions of the bioenergies and biofields in different AM systems, which are expressed in different terms and vocabularies, because their origins belong to the different culture traditions. This variety of doctrinal descriptions leads to the irreconcilable differences between the different AM systems, as well as between the majority of them and actual science. However, the supporters of some AM systems exert a trend to express the contents of theirs doctrines using the terms and vocabulary of actual science. In this way, they facilitates the beginning of a dialog with actual science, as well as the reaffirmation of many serious scientific investigations of the phenomena in alternative medicine, which are accomplished during last almost five decades on the periphery of the actual science. In the further, it will be considered the variations of AM doctrines which manifest an interest to establish a dialog with actual science by accepting the terms and vocabulary of actual science, independently on the manner by that the doctrine content is expressed. The main objective of this paper is to show that a small effort will help to achieve consensus on the terminology used in the AM doctrines with scientific terminology. This will help to terms with the same name means the same, although we cannot expect that it will obviously speed up the convergence of doctrine and scientific views about the AM phenomena. Nevertheless, this progress can be expected because the large difference is between felt and measured bioenergy, between seen and photographed. Therefore, the attention is devoted to experimental techniques that allow any type of detection or visualization of the subtle entities of alternative medicine (bienergy, biofield, aura). For reasons that will be later explained, particular attention will be devoted to the PIP (Polycontrast Interference Photography) imaging, which is the unique real time imaging technique. Certainly the most important result of the application of PIP imaging system is the visualization of the energy changes in the human aura, which may be due to bio-energetic, or any other AM therapeutic treatment. It should be noted that the PIP system provides information that enables qualitative analysis but not quantitative analysis of the bio-energetic phenomena. In addition, it is recommended as a diagnostic tool also. However this recommendation must be accepted very cautiously, as will be discussed later.
There are a variety of doctrinal descriptions of the bioenergies and biofields in different AM systems, which are expressed in different terms and vocabularies, because their origins belong to the different culture traditions. This variety of doctrinal descriptions leads to the irreconcilable differences between the different AM systems, as well as between the majority of them and actual science. However, the supporters of some AM systems exert a trend to express the contents of theirs doctrines using the terms and vocabulary of actual science. In this way, they facilitates the beginning of a dialog with actual science, as well as the reaffirmation of many serious scientific investigations of the phenomena in alternative medicine, which are accomplished during last almost five decades on the periphery of the actual science. In the further, it will be considered the variations of AM doctrines which manifest an interest to establish a dialog with actual science by accepting the terms and vocabulary of actual science, independently on the manner by that the doctrine content is expressed. The main objective of this paper is to show that a small effort will help to achieve consensus on the terminology used in the AM doctrines with scientific terminology. This will help to terms with the same name means the same, although we cannot expect that it will obviously speed up the convergence of doctrine and scientific views about the AM phenomena. Nevertheless, this progress can be expected because the large difference is between felt and measured bioenergy, between seen and photographed. Therefore, the attention is devoted to experimental techniques that allow any type of detection or visualization of the subtle entities of alternative medicine (bienergy, biofield, aura). For reasons that will be later explained, particular attention will be devoted to the PIP (Polycontrast Interference Photography) imaging, which is the unique real time imaging technique. Certainly the most important result of the application of PIP imaging system is the visualization of the energy changes in the human aura, which may be due to bio-energetic, or any other AM therapeutic treatment. It should be noted that the PIP system provides information that enables qualitative analysis but not quantitative analysis of the bio-energetic phenomena. In addition, it is recommended as a diagnostic tool also. However this recommendation must be accepted very cautiously, as will be discussed later.

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Symposium of Quantum-Informational Medicine QIM 2011: Acupuncture-Based & Consciousness-Based  Holistic Approaches & Techniques, Belgrade, 23-25 September 2011
BIOENERGY, BIOFIELD, AURA: WHAT KIND OF ENERGY THEY ARE,AND WHETHER IT IS POSSIBLE TO MEASURE AND TO VISUELISE THEMLjubo M. Ristovski
1
President & Founder, Association for Promotion of Bioenergetic Medicine "Biofield", Belgrade, Serbia
2
Retired Professor, PhD Physicist, BS, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Serbiaristovski11000@yahoo.com
 Abstract:
There are a variety of doctrinal descriptions of the bioenergies and biofields in different AMsystems, which are expressed in different terms and vocabularies, because their origins belong to the differentculture traditions. This variety of doctrinal descriptions leads to the irreconcilable differences between thedifferent AM systems, as well as between the majority of them and actual science. However, the supportersof some AM systems exert a trend to express the contents of theirs doctrines using the terms and vocabularyof actual science. In this way, they facilitates the beginning of a dialog with actual science, as well as thereaffirmation of many serious scientific investigations of the phenomena in alternative medicine, which areaccomplished during last almost five decades on the periphery of the actual science. In the further, it will beconsidered the variations of AM doctrines which manifest an interest to establish a dialog with actual science by accepting the terms and vocabulary of actual science, independently on the manner by that the doctrinecontent is expressed. The main objective of this paper is to show that a small effort will help to achieveconsensus on the terminology used in the AM doctrines with scientific terminology. This will help to termswith the same name means the same, although we cannot expect that it will obviously speed up theconvergence of doctrine and scientific views about the AM phenomena. Nevertheless, this progress can beexpected because the large difference is between felt and measured bioenergy, between seen and photographed. Therefore, the attention is devoted to experimental techniques that allow any type of detectionor visualization of the
 subtle entities
of alternative medicine (bienergy, biofield, aura). For reasons that will be later explained, particular attention will be devoted to the PIP (
 Polycontrast Interference Photography
)imaging, which is the unique real time imaging technique. Certainly the most important result of theapplication of PIP imaging system is the visualization of the energy changes in the human aura, which may be due to bio-energetic, or any other AM therapeutic treatment. It should be noted that the PIP system provides information that enables qualitative analysis but not quantitative analysis of the bio-energetic phenomena. In addition, it is recommended as a diagnostic tool also. However this recommendation must beaccepted very cautiously, as will be discussed later. 
Keywords: 
bioenergy, biofield, aura, absorption, emission, spectrum, electromagnetic, field, coherence, PIP,imaging 
1. Introduction
The penetration of the Eastern traditional medical systems, which belong to the alternative medicine, intothe Western medical practice has induced the arising of many other alternative medical systems, where onlya part of them are officially accepted. Anyone of these alternative medical systems, as well as anyone of theEastern traditional system, is based on its particular doctrine, that role is to give theoretical explanations of the applied medical system. It is evident, even on the first sight, that the most fundamental concept in thetheoretical doctrines of practically all traditional, as well as new alternative medical systems (AM system inthe farther) concerns some particular subtle energy. Therefore, all these AM systems could be joined to theenergy medicine, what means that alternative medicine is in fact part of the energy medicine. This subtleform of energy is known under different names in different AM systems, such as vital force, life force,etheric energy, orgone, odic force, Qi, Ki, Prana, Mana, Doshas, homeopathic resonance, etc. The AM practitioners believe that illness results from disturbances of the corresponding subtle energy and their therapy is believed to act to reinstate health by correcting energy imbalances, because the unperturbed flowand balance of subtle energy is necessary for maintaining the health. Nevertheless, mentioned set of AM system dealing with bioenergies could be divided in two subsets.The AM systems which belong to the first subset have rigid persisting doctrines, what means that although
 
their vocabulary belongs to the far past, it remains unchanged and therefore completely inappropriate for anyreasonable communication with the actual medicine and science. On the other side, to the second subset belong the AM systems which have flexible doctrines, which means that they accept (at least!) to expresstheir content using the terms of the contemporary science, although their meanings are misinterpreted. In thisway, these AM systems manifest an interest to establish a meaningful dialog with actual science that isalways useful for both of the parts.There are numerous attempts to translate the Eastern traditional theory on the language of the actualscience, although it is evident that it is not possible to translate the esoteric explanation written a fewthousand years ago on a language of the contemporary science [Uritam 1975]. For example, let us mentionthe attempt to explain the basically properties of five elements as a manifestation of the particular energies:warm, soft, cool or slippery energy [Dong 1998]. The Eastern five element or yin yang theory is in somesense the gnosis, expressed in terms and vocabulary of metaphysic. Therefore, although there are nosuspicions that Eastern medical tradition is very effective in some medical areas, and therefore accepted asalternative medical treatments in the Western medicine, remain a lot unanswered questions and suspicionsabout the theoretical explanations of the origin and fundaments of the oriental medical methods.
2. Physical and Pseudo-Physical (putative) Energies
If one take into account that have been identified almost 100 different bioenergies, corresponding to asmuch different culture traditions and local putative medical systems, it could be easily understood the actualsituation in alternative medicine. Therefore there is a variety of doctrinal descriptions of the bioenergy indifferent AM systems, which are expressed in different terms and vocabularies, because their origins belongto the different culture traditions. This variety of doctrinal descriptions of the bioenergy, being thefundamental entity of any AM system that uses it, leads to the irreconcilable differences between thedifferent AM systems, as well as between the majority of them and actual science. In the further thedifferences between the actual science and the most popular AM systems will be considered only.Taking into account the properties of the energies that they use, the medical systems or subsystems,alternative and official as well, could be divided in two sets. The first is the set of official medicinesubsystems which deal with physical, measurable energies (mechanical, thermal, magnetic, electric andelectromagnetic energy). There are many established application of these energies to diagnose or to treatdiseases (magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, pacemakers, radiation therapy, magnetic therapy, soundwaves therapy, millimeter waves therapy, light therapy, etc.). To the second set belong practically alltraditional AMS systems, as well as some relatively modern AM systems (homeopathy, neural therapy),where all of them deals with pseudo-physical (putative) energies (bioenergies in further).Although there has always been an interest to detect the variety of bioenergies by the physical equipmentand to describe their properties using the terms and theories of modern physics, the supporter of the majorityof the traditional AM doctrines claim that they are too subtle to be measured by any scientific equipment.This means that the unique
equipment 
for this purpose is the sensitivity of some human being
 – 
extrasenshaving particular abilities to see or to feel the bioenergies. However, if the bioenergies could not be measured by scientific equipments, it means that the essential truth concerning their properties is inaccessible fo
ordinary
human being. Such a truth belong to the scope of metaphysics, having the contents which areinaccessible for the human being, because there are behind the endmost border of the mind and scientific borders, which are always determined by the scope of the scientific experiments, In other word, the claimthat some bioenergy is out of the scope of science, means that it is metaphysic entity. Therefore anystatement concerning the properties of a bioenergy perceived in this manner is not the announcing of a usualhuman cognition, but a promulgation that is reserved for Prophets only, because they could reach up thecontents belonging to the scope of metaphysics. Belief that the therapists of some AM system havesupernatural ability, often described by the science vocabulary, creates confusion that causes theology to bemistaken for science.In this chapter will be mentioned and shortly discussed the statements and data concerning the bioenergies, which are either obtained in the scientific experiments, independently of its origin, or if they areexpressed in terms of actual science. In the second case it is necessary to take into account that the majorityof the modern versions of the traditional doctrines, being assigned as
 scientific,
contain confusing andmystical concepts which, and that is only novelty, are expressed using the vocabulary of actual sciencemostly with false interpreted terms. However, it should be mentioned that the majority of the papers and
 
 books devoted to the AM systems and their doctrines bring the hypothesis and the experiment resultsconcerning the physiological correlates of the therapists, what means that the object of the investigations wasnot the therapy itself and their effects, but the particular physiological and physical properties of thetherapists.
 
Kirlian photography, accidentally discovered in 1939, which is the photo-imaging of the gasdischarge in a high-voltage electric field, remains up to now days very often assigned as a crucialscientific evidence of the aura and biofield existence, although it is many time repeated that what isrecorded is due to natural phenomenon, depending on the known way of the known quantities:electrical field, ionized gas, moisture and temperature. Namely, if a photo is taken in the vacuum,where ionized gas and moisture are not present, Kirlian image does not appear [Hines 2003]. Thedifferences between the Kirlian images taken before and after energetic therapeutic treatment[Oschman 2000], which could be explained in a same way, are relatively new argument of thesupporters of the still persistent belief that the bioenergy field of each living being extends beyondthe surface of the body and generates anaura.Although the Kirlian corona, previously assigned asaura, is misinterpreted in alternative medicine, my opinion is that should not be ignored itsimportance in the history of energy medicine. It shows that any life system, due to its evident electric properties, interacts with the external electromagnetic field and that interactions depends on externalambient conditions (air electric properties, air moisture, pressure, temperature). These facts hasindicated that the starting points in the scientific investigations of the AM systems, which belong tothe energy medicine, must be the energetic properties of human body and the influence of theexternal fields on them.
 
In the measuring during the non-contact therapists were found body-potential of negative polarityranging from 4 V to 190 V [Beal 1996], while the temperature of the therapist emitting palm isdecreased comparing to the temperature of his contra lateral palm [Tanaka et al., 2001].
 
Measurements taken during the therapeutic touch sessions, show that gamma radiation levelsmarkedly decreased during the sessions at every body site of 100% tested subjects and It has beenhypothesized that this is consequence of the self-regulation energy process within the body and thesurrounding electromagnetic field, induced, as it was assumed, by the body's primary gammaemitter, potassium-40 (K40) [Benford 2001]. It is known that the measuring of the human skin properties are not reproducible, and therefore they could not be accepted as the scientific acceptable. Namely, the results of these measuring depend on some factors their influence on the results couldnot be predicted and controlled. Let us mention, for example that the measuring of theelectromagnetic quantities strongly depend on the skin moisture that depends on someuncontrollable factors (the psychic state).
 
Concerning the mechanism of the therapeutic touch healing, it should be mentioned the studieswhich show that energy fields from one person can interact with energy fields of other people.When one person touch another one, the touch is registered on the second person'selectrocardiograph and electroencephalogram [Russek 1996], what is accepted as evidence thatenergy fields from one person can interact with energy fields of other people. Bioenergy healers andtheir patients often report that they feel prickly skin, localized skin temperature increases and energyflowing through their bodies and hands during healing sessions. These subjective sensations mayhave some physical correlate in unusually high surges in body potential (electrostatic charge build-up and release) that have been measured from some healers.
 
Elmer Green and his associates constructed a room with electrically isolated copper walls and then placed subjects in the room on an insulated platform that isolated them from electrical ground[Green et al.1991]. The body potential surges measured from experienced mediators did not exceed4 volts, while the frequency of these surges increased during therapeutic sessions.
 
 Numerous studies indicate that attentive humans can mentally influence living systems. The rangeof systems affected runs the gamut from groups of cells [Baumann et al, 1985] to whole animals[Grad1965] and human subjects [Braud & Schlitz 1991; Benor 2001].
 
At the end let us mention the biophotons, firstly introduced 1922 by Alexander Gurvich, which, as itwas assumed, serve as the main communication means and regulator of all life processes. There arethe experiments which demonstrate that separated living cells by quartz glass are still able tocommunicate vital cell information by biophoton transfer [Rubik 1993]. Biophotons are constantly

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