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Present Perfect Simple & Continuous

Present Perfect Simple & Continuous

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Published by buendia89
Present Perfect Simple & Continuous
Seminar Paper; maturski rad iz engleskog jezika
Present Perfect Simple & Continuous
Seminar Paper; maturski rad iz engleskog jezika

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Published by: buendia89 on Jul 17, 2009
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06/20/2013

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1. Introduction
 The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or thatstopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on theresult.Present Perfect means 'before now'.The Present Perfect does not expresswhen an action happened. If we say the exact time, we have to use the PastSimple. The present perfect tense is also sometimes called the present perfectsimple tense. The auxillary verb "have" is always used with the present perfect tense. The present perfect continuous tense refers to an action that started in thepast, but has continued to the present or has just finished. The present perfectcontinous tense uses the auxiliary verb "have - has" and -ing added to the mainverb. It puts emphasis on duration.
2. Form
2.1. Present Perfect Simple
We form the Present Perfect Simple with
have
and the
past participle
(regular verbs: infinitive + -ed; irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of theirregular verbs).
have/has + -ed (past participle)has: 3rd person singular (he, she, it)have: all other forms
Positive and negative:
IWe You They've(have)haven'tHeShe's (has)hasn'tlived inRome.
Question:
How longhaveIweyouHow longhashesheknownPeter?1
 
Short anwer:
Have you been toEgypt? Yes, I have. / No, Ihaven't.Has she ever writtenpoetry? Yes, she has. / No, shehasn't.
2.2. Present Perfect Continuous
 The Present Perfect Continuous is formed with the
auxiliary
verb
have
inthe corresponding form for the subject of the sentence, followed by theparticiple '
been
' of the auxilary verb
be
, followed by the
-ING
form of the
main
verb.
have/has + been + -ing (present participle)
Positive and negative:
IWe You They've(have)haven'tHeSheIt's (has)hasn'tbeenworking.
Question:
HowlonghaveIweyoutheyhashesheitbeenworking?
Short anwer:
Have you beenrunning? Yes, I have. / No, Ihaven't.2
 
Has he beenshopping? Yes, he has. / No, hehasn't.3

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