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Game ProbabilitiesTutorial Release 1

Game ProbabilitiesTutorial Release 1

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A laymans approach to working out some of the probabilities for die rolls used in role-playing games.
A laymans approach to working out some of the probabilities for die rolls used in role-playing games.

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06/01/2013

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Layman's Tutorial on Dice probabilities
The layman's simple way of calculating the probabilities of dice rolls is to use a piece of graph paper or spreadsheet to count out the combinations, then convert them to a percentage. For example, below is1d6 + 1d8 to generate numbers from 2 to 14:
1d61d81234561
234567
2
345678
3
456789
4
5678910
5
67891011
6
789101112
7
8910111213
8
91011121314The way the grid works: You write out the possible numbers on 1d6 up top, and on 1d8 to the left, thengo through and add them up, filling in each square. When rolling 1d6 and adding it to 1d8, when youroll a 1 on both numbers, the total is 2. When you roll a 1 on 1d6 and 2 on 1d8, the total is 3. When youroll a 4 on 1d6 and a 5 on 1d8, the total is 9, and so on. Note that there are 48 combinations (which also happens to be 6 x 8). Go through and count them out:2 occurs once, 3 occurs twice, all the way up to 10 which occurs 5 times, then 11 which occurs 4 times,12 occurs 3 times, 13 occurs twice, and 14 once.

NumberCombinationsFractionPercent
211/482.08%322/484.17%433/486.25%544/488.33%655/4810.42%766/4812.50%866/4812.50%966/4812.50%1055/4810.42%1144/488.33%1233/486.25%1322/484.17%1411/482.08%
Totals:4848/48100.00%
Compare that to a roll of 1d4 + 1d10 to create numbers from 2 to 14. There are 40 combinations (whichis also 4 x 10).
1d41d1012341
2345
2
3456
3
4567
4
5678
5
6789
6
78910
7
891011
8
9101112
9
10111213
10
11121314

NumberCombinationsFractionPercent
211/402.50%322/405.00%433/407.50%544/4010.00%644/4010.00%744/4010.00%844/4010.00%944/4010.00%1044/4010.00%1144/4010.00%1233/407.50%1322/405.00%1411/402.50%Totals:4040/40100.00%