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Herodias the Wild Huntress in the Legend of the Middle Ages, pt 1

Herodias the Wild Huntress in the Legend of the Middle Ages, pt 1

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Published by Malkin
by Waldermar Kloss. Part 2 also available: http://www.scribd.com/doc/174410702/Herodias-the-Wild-Huntress-in-the-Legend-of-the-Middle-Ages-pt-2
by Waldermar Kloss. Part 2 also available: http://www.scribd.com/doc/174410702/Herodias-the-Wild-Huntress-in-the-Legend-of-the-Middle-Ages-pt-2

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Herodias the Wild Huntress in the Legend of the Middle Ages.Author(s): Waldemar KlossSource:
Modern Language Notes,
Vol. 23, No. 3 (Mar., 1908), pp. 82-85Published by:
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Accessed: 08/10/2013 07:22
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 Modern Language Notes.
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This content downloaded from 108.204.120.160 on Tue, 8 Oct 2013 07:22:28 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
 
82 MODERNLANGUAGENOTES. FVol. xiii',o. 3.
moval of a bodyto clearthe stage,becomesnShakespeare'shandsamovinganddramaticincident, nd hewill see once morejustifiedwhat DeQuinceysaid ofShakespeare,hat"thefurtherwepressinourdiscoveries, hemore we shall see proofsof designand self-supportingrrangement, here he careless yehad seen nothingbut accident."
W.STRUNK, JR.Cornel
University.
HERODIAS THEWILD HUNTRESSINTHE LEGEND OF THEMIDDLE AGES.With regardtoanarticleby Mr. Jacob N.Beam, concerningerodias andSalomein mod-ern literature,ublishednthe January ssueoftheModernLanguageNotes, haveafewre-marks o offer.The writer xpresses heopinionthat the love elementsentirely f nineteenthcenturyomanticrigin,ndthathewellknownfertilityndperversityf Heine'simaginationmakes t probable hathe invented he sagapureandsimplendassignedfictitiousource, s hehaddone beforewiththe saga of the "FlyingDutchmaninDieMemoirenesHermSchna-blewopski.nthe famous hapter fAtta TrollwhereHerodiasappearsncompanywithothermythologicaladies,Heinetells usthatHerodiashad John heBaptistbeheaded n accountf herunrequitedove."Inderibeltehts nicht,DochmVolke ebtieageVonHerodias'lutigeriebe."ThusHeineindicatesthathisconceptionfHerodiasisbased onapopular legend.ThevaguetermimVolke"givesnocluewhetherweare referredoJewishor Christianegends.Itis, however, asyenougho show that Heinehasnot"inventedthe saga pureandsimple"norvenany importanteaturef the same.Irefernlyothe haptersnthe"FuriousHost,on"Bertha,"Abundia, Holda,the"witchesjaunt," etc., nJac.Grimm'seutonic ythology,whereabundant references oHerodias, thewind'sbridere to befound. AlthougheinrichHeineoftennoughruthlesslycoffedt his mostintimatebjectf hatred,Massmann:
"Nuraltdeutscherstandr,derPatriot, NurJacobGrimmischndZeunisch,"
theres ample videncehathe followedblush-inglyJacobGrimm'sootsteps.After llHeine'ssatirehadreferencenly totheexaggerationsfsomeofGrimm'sollowers.Heinewas throughoutnardentdmirerfJacobGrimm'almostuperhuman ork nthefield ffolklore.In"ElementargeisterndDimonen,publishedn1834, hepays thefollowingnthusi-astic tributeo JacobGrimm:"DereinzigeJacobGrimmhat furSprachwissenschaftehrgeleistetlseineganzefranz6sischekademie eitRichelieu.SeineDeutsche Grammatik steinkolossalesWerk, ingothischerom, worimllegermanischen6lkerhre timmenrheben,edesinseinemialekte. Jacob Grimmat vielleichtdemTeufeleineeeleversclirieben,amitrhmMaterialieniefertendhmlsHandlangerientebeidiesemngeheurenprachbauwerke.nderThat,umdieseQuadern von Gelehrsamkeitherbeizuschleppen,maus diesenhunderttausendCitaten inenM6rtelustampfen,azugeh6rtmehr lseinMenschenlebenndmehrlsMen-schengeduld."Sots nodaringssumptionhatHeinemayavestudiedhesechapterserycarefully;herethegraceful, airybundia,whom e has treatedithsuchtendernessnthesamechapter,may havesmiledtthepoet.HeinrichHeine took romisearlyyouthdeepnterestnallpopularegendsandmythology,ndhe remained rueo thispas-sion otheendof his ife. Thisabsorbingnterestissplendidlyttestedyuchworkss Elementar-geisterndDaimonen1834), Die,G(ttermExil(1836)andDr.Faust, inTanz.poem,ebsturio-senBerichtenberTeufel,exen undDictkunst(1847).Makinghispreparationsor heseworks,heundoubtedlyad to readagood dealon occultsciences,magic,witchcraftndrelatedubjects.HerehemusthavemetHerodiastheWildHuntress lmosttevery tep,forHerodias,asweshallee,was foreveralcenturiesmost m-portantame,ndalthough nlyspectre,direreality.InlikemannerwasHisHellishMajesty,
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March,1908.]MODERNLANGUAGENOTES.83as whosemanationr incarnationerodiaswasconsidered,orHeine avery ascinatinagerson-ality. He mentionsim ftennough,ornstance:
Menscli,erspotteicht enTeufel,
or
Ich riefenTeufelnd r kam,tc.
Modernpsychologistspeakof themythologicalfacultyf ourdream-life.Heine would robablyhavetaken the oppositeoint fview andhaveinterpretedheformationf mythologys thedreamingf the"Volksseele."And justherewe find he psychologicalxplanationf Heine'sstrongaffinityor everythingmythological."Traumbilder"were,we may say, theovertureofhiscareer salyric oet.Another ointofattraction orHeinein thesubjectof"Herodias"was thedance-element.Heineentertainedhroughoutislife an exorbi-tant nthusiasmor he rtof Terpsichore.HereImention nlyhis dithyrambicsn"Pomare,"the celebratedancer.The poetbecomeso ex-citedoverthe grandioseperformancehatheimaginese is Herod andPomare s Salome,ndhe windsupwiththeorder,"Man schlagebdas Haupt demTiiufer (to decapitateohnheBaptist).
Sietanzt.Derselbe anzstdas,Den einstie Tochtererodias'Getanzt ordemJudenk8nigerodes.IhrAuge priiht,ieBlitze esTodes.Sietanztmich asend-ichwerdeoll-SprichWeib,was chDirschenkenoil?Dulichelst!Heda!Trabanten,iiuferMan schlagebdasHauptdemTiiufer
Ofthealmostnnumerableassagesnmedievalliterature,hereHerodiasis mentionedstheleaderoroneofhe eaders fthe"FuriousHost,I shallmentionnly few.The mostfamous fallistheo-calledCanon
pi8copi
whichasbeenconsidereddocumentfthehighestuthoritynmatters f witchcrafturinghemiddleges,nayevenuntilthe beginningf the eventeenthen-tury.ThisCanonhasbeenattributedothecouncilofAncyran314;this of courses anunwarrantedssumption;t sfound,owever,orthe firstimeinthe Ingtructionorthevigitfadiocese, ritteny Reginowhowasabbot ofPrumuntil899and diedatTrevesn915.Itcanhardlybedoubted hatthis Canon dates atleast from he eventhentury. This s howeverof noimportanceere, sIwish nly o ndicatethe ourceswhereHeine might avefound t leasttracesor features fthe Herodias egend. JulesBaissacinhis interesting,ut by no means ex-haustiveHistoiredela DiablerieChretienne;eDiable,lapersonneudia.ble, ePersonnel udiableParis, 1882), quotes, . 275, the Canon nfull;inGrimm'sMIythologyheCanon s quoted nablidgedorm. TheCanonreads s follows:"IThere re some riminialomenwho, educedby tlle illusions ndphantoms f the Devil, haveplaced themselvesnder heyoke f Satan; andthey elieve nd assert hatduringhenight hey ride nd roamwithDiana, Goddess f theHeath- ens,or withHerodiasnd aninnumerablerowdof otherwomen,stride n certainnimals,ndthathey raverse reatdistancesntheilencefdarkness; they laim hatthey o homageo thisGoddessacknowledginger for theirovereign;and thattheyresometimesalledon forper-sonalservice. The priests hallinthe churchesentrustedotheir areemploy reat diligence oinstructhepeople andtoteach hem hatllthisisfalse,hatthey rethe victims fpure phan-tasmsentntoheoulsoftheunbelievers,otbythedivine spirit,butbytheEvilOne.ForSatan,whoransfiguresimself ntoanangeloflight,having ecomeordandmasterfthe oulofapoorwoman n accountfhernfidelityndlack of faith, akesuntohimselfheform nd the appearancesfdifferentersons.In thismannerhemockshepoorsoulduring leep, holdingtincaptivityndpresentingo suchsoulvisions,sometimesriste,ometimesay,ofthingsnownandunknown,eadinguchpooroulastrayromthetraight ath.All thisakesplaceonlynthemind,uttheunbelievingoulsfirmlyonvincedthatt isreal."Whohasnot seeninhissleep many hingswhichheneversaw whileawakeAndwho isignorantndsillynoughobelievehat llwhichtakesplaceinthemindhaslikewisenexternalreality?Forinstance,when Ezechielhadthevisionsf theLord,itwasnhismind,notnthebody,ndwhenheapostleJohnwasenrapturedinecstasy,wastinthemindrnthebody?Itdevolveson us todeclarepubliclyhatwhoeverbelieves uchhingsndothersftheamekind,
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