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How Does Variable Turbine Geometry Work

How Does Variable Turbine Geometry Work

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Published by kasibhatta

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Published by: kasibhatta on Jul 18, 2009
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10/24/2012

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Variable Turbine GeometryVariable Turbine Geometry
A National Maritime AcademyA National Maritime Academypresentationpresentation
 
 
On a conventional turbocharger, the exhaustOn a conventional turbocharger, the exhaustflow drives a turbine that is connected to aflow drives a turbine that is connected to acompressor on the intake side. Bycompressor on the intake side. Bycompressing the incoming air, the amount of compressing the incoming air, the amount of oxygen in a given volume is increased.oxygen in a given volume is increased.Since compression also causes an increaseSince compression also causes an increasein temperature, the air must be cooled in ain temperature, the air must be cooled in adevice known as a “intercooler”. With moredevice known as a “intercooler”. With moreoxygen present in each cylinder charge,oxygen present in each cylinder charge,more fuel can be burnt yielding greater more fuel can be burnt yielding greater energy.energy.
 
 
 
Since higher exhaust pressuresSince higher exhaust pressuresgenerate greater loads on thegenerate greater loads on theintake side, the intake pressureintake side, the intake pressuremust be carefully controlled inmust be carefully controlled inorder to protect the engine.order to protect the engine.The ‘boost pressure’ is limitedThe ‘boost pressure’ is limitedusing ‘waste gate’ valves thatusing ‘waste gate’ valves thatbypass excess pressure aroundbypass excess pressure aroundthe twin exhaust turbines.the twin exhaust turbines.

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