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Supreme Court Rejects Citizens' Request to Change Nationality From 'Jewish' to 'Israeli' / Revital Hovel, 3.10.13

Supreme Court Rejects Citizens' Request to Change Nationality From 'Jewish' to 'Israeli' / Revital Hovel, 3.10.13

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Published by Ronnie Barkan
Court rules against change in identity card registration, citing that there is no proof of the existence of a uniquely 'Israeli' people.

source: http://www.haaretz.com/news/national/.premium-1.550241
Court rules against change in identity card registration, citing that there is no proof of the existence of a uniquely 'Israeli' people.

source: http://www.haaretz.com/news/national/.premium-1.550241

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Published by: Ronnie Barkan on Oct 08, 2013
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08/10/2013Supreme Court rejects citizens' request to change nationality from 'Jewish' to 'Israeli' - National Israel News | Haaretzwww.haaretz.com/news/national/.premium-1.5502411/4
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THIS STORY IS BY RELATED TAGSIsrael Supreme CourtJewish law 
 
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Court rules Judaism, not place of birth, isgrounds for Israeli citizenship
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Supreme Court rejects citizens' request to changenationality from 'Jewish' to 'Israeli'
Court rules against change in identity card registration, citing thatthereis no proof of the existence of a uniquely 'Israeli' people.
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The Supreme Court on Wednesday rejected a request by a group of Israelis to declare that they were members of the Israeli people and toallow them to change the ethnic registration on their identity cards from“Jewish” to “Israeli.”The court ruled that the issue was not one for the court to decide and thatthere was no proof of the existence of a uniquely “Israeli” people. Thecourt’s ruling echoed that in a similar case 40 years ago.The decision by court President Asher Grunis and Justices Uzi Vogelmanand Hanan Melcer upheld the 2008 ruling by their colleague, NoamSohlberg, who, as a Jerusalem District Court judge, had rejected thegroup’s petition.Israel does not recognize “Israeli” as an ethnic group [in Hebrew 
le’om
.]The term can be translated into English as “nationhood,” but in the senseof ethnic affiliation, rather than citizenship. The le’om attrribution - themain ones are “Jewish” and “Arab” - is assigned by theInterior Ministry, regardless of the card-bearerspreference.The main appellant wasProf. Uzzi Ornan, a linguist who has long battled to separate religion and state.Ornan, 90, was born and raised in Jerusalem. He wasexpelled to Eritrea in 1944, when his undergroundactivities were revealed to the British authorities.
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08/10/2013Supreme Court rejects citizens' request to change nationality from 'Jewish' to 'Israeli' - National Israel News | Haaretzwww.haaretz.com/news/national/.premium-1.5502412/4
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 When he returned to Israel in 1948, he was registeredin the state’s first census and insisted that he not belisted as “Jewish.” Instead, he wrote that he was of noreligion and gave his ethnic designation as “Hebrew.”The newly-formed Interior Ministry accepted this without question.In 2000, Ornan petitioned the Interior Ministry to be registered as anethnic “Israeli,” but his request was rejected and none of his subsequentlegal actions were successful. In 2007, he submitted another appeal to theJerusalem District Court, together with Uri Avnery, Shulamit Aloni, Prof.Itamar Even-Zohar, Prof. Yosef Agassi, singer Alon Olearchik, playwrightJoshua Sobol and others.In his ruling rejecting the appeal, Sohlberg stated, “the requesteddeclaration has a public, ideological, social, historic and politicalcharacter – but not a legal one. This isn’t a technical issue of registrationin the Population Registry, but a request that the court determine that inthe State of Israel a new peoplehood has been formed, common to all itsresidents and citizens, called ‘Israeli.’ This issue is a national-political-social question and it is not the court’s place to decide it.”The group argued in its appeal that an Israeli people was formed with theestablishment of the State of Israel and that rejecting the existence of sucha people is like rejecting the existence of the State of Israel as ademocratic, sovereign state. They added that this was indeed a legalquestion that the courts could not avoid. In their response, the InteriorMinistry and the attorney-general supported the district court decision,saying the issue was not justiciable.The primary precedent on which the justices based themselves in theirruling Wednesday was the case of Dr. Georges Tamarin, who immigratedto Israel in 1949 from Yugoslavia. He was registered as being of Jewishethnicity, but in the religion section was listed as having no religion.In 1970, after a change in the law that forbade listing someone as being“Jewish” in either the ethnicity or religion section if he didn’t meet thedescription of a Jew in the Law of Return, Tamarin went to court tochange his ethnic designation to “Israeli.” Both the Tel Aviv District Courtand the Supreme Court rejected his request, stating that for a person todeclare that he belongs to a given ethnic group, there had to be proof thatthe group exists. Court President Shimon Agranat stated that “there is nosignificance to the person’s subjective feeling of belonging to a givenethnic group, without being able to establish via any criteria that such agroup exists.”Ornan expressed his disappointment with the ruling. “In its ruling thecourt, in effect, agrees to totally ignore the obligations included in theDeclaration of Independence, which promises full equality among all thestate’s citizens, regardless of religion, race or gender,” he said.“The government consensus that has developed ignores the existence of an Israeli people that was created with the Declaration of Independence,”Ornan continued. “This consensus enables the Jewish majority to have fullcontrol over the country and to operate not for the benefit of Israelicitizens but for the benefit of the current political majority among theJews.”
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The dream of the emerging State of Israstine by the Left has suffered another blow...Condolences
By Darth Zaider (Ed)03 Oct 201303:38PM
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My ID card says ISRAELI CITIZEN
By Zionist forever03 Oct 201300:59PM
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Jewishness is ethnicity and being Israeli isnationality 
By logic rules03 Oct 201307:47AM
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Jewish Arabs
By Mariapalestina03 Oct 201306:01AM
Everyone with any connection to the land,anywhere in the world, is an Arab.
By Ahmet03 Oct 201300:43PM
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It is indeed a puzzle that people living in Israeland are citizens ofthis country are not consideredIsraeli.m
By Marlem03 Oct 201303:24AM
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Citizenship
By Jeff03 Oct 201303:15AM
04
So, one can change one's ethnicity by conversion?
By Melissa03 Oct 201303:13AM
03
I partially agree with the ruling; with that inmind, it's also not forthe court or the state to beconcerned with an ID-bearer's ethnicity 
By Max Lurya03 Oct 201302:54AM
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Netanyahu's speech
By wjm03 Oct 201302:25AM
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 Wow! Nationality based on ethnicity! Is thatreally a 21st centuryconcept or is Israel stuck inthe 7th century?
By Shimon03 Oct 201302:22AM11611126745925540640544541836176716

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