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Published by Yassir H. Hassan
this book is about heat exchanger design and mentenance
it's useful for engineer
this book is about heat exchanger design and mentenance
it's useful for engineer

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Published by: Yassir H. Hassan on Jul 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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Heat Exchangers:Design, Operation, Maintenance and Enhancement
Ali A. Rabah (BSc., MSc., PhD., MSES)
Department of chemical engineering,University of Khartoum,P.O. Box 321,Khartoum, Sudan 
Email: rabass@hotmail.com
 
2 Table of contents
Table of contents
1 Introduction 8
1.1 Programm outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.2 Instructor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2 Classication of heat exchangers 12
2.1 Classication by construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142.1.1 Tubular heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142.2 Double pipe heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152.3 Spiral tube heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162.4 Shell and tube heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162.4.1 Fixed tubesheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.4.2 U-tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.4.3 Floating head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182.5 Plate heat exchangers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.5.1 Gasketed plate heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202.5.2 Welded- and Brazed-Plate exchanger (W. PHE and BHE) . . . . . 222.5.3 Spiral Plate Exchanger (SPHE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232.6 Extended surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.6.1 Plate n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.6.2 Tube n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3 Code and standards 28
3.1 TEMA Designations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283.2 Classication by construction STHE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.2.1 Fixed tube sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.2.2 U-Tube Heat Exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353.2.3 Floating Head Designs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373.3 Shell Constructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413.4 Tube side construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423.4.1 Tube-Side Header: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423.4.2 Tube-Side Passes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423.4.3 Tubes Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433.4.4 Tube arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463.4.5 Tube side passes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473.5 Shell side construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473.5.1 Shell Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473.5.2 Shell-Side Arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483.6 Baes and tube bundles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483.6.1 The tube bundle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Dr. Ali A. Rabah, Dept of Chemeng, U of K, Email
:
rabahss
@
hotamil.com
 
Table of contents 33.6.2 Bae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483.6.3 Vapor Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513.6.4 Tube-Bundle Bypassing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513.6.5 Tie Rods and Spacers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523.6.6 Tubesheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4 Basic Design Equations of Heat Exchangers 55
4.1 LMTD-Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554.1.1 Logarithmic mean temperature dierent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564.1.2 Correction Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574.1.3 Overall heat transfer coecient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594.1.4 Heat transfer coecient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614.1.5 Fouling factor (
h
id
,h
od
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614.2
ε
- NTU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614.3 Link between LMTD and NTU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644.4 The Theta Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
5 Thermal Design 66
5.1 Design Consideration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665.1.1 Fluid Stream Allocations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665.1.2 Shell and tube velocity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665.1.3 Stream temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675.1.4 Pressure drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675.1.5 Fluid physical properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675.2 Design data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 685.3 Tubeside design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 695.3.1 Heat-transfer coecient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 695.3.2 Pressure drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705.4 Shell side design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725.4.1 Shell conguration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725.4.2 Tube layout patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735.4.3 Tube pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735.4.4 Baing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745.4.5 Equalize cross-flow and window velocities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 765.4.6 Shellside stream analysis (Flow pattern) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 765.4.7 Heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775.4.8 Heat transfer coecient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785.4.9 Pressure drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785.5 Design Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
6 Specication sheet 80
Dr. Ali A. Rabah, Dept of Chemeng, U of K, Email
:
rabahss
@
hotamil.com

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