G. Try to discover the author’s purpose. What truths is the author trying toconvey to his readers? The author's purpose will determine: thecontent of the text, the structure of the text, the arrangement of the text. If one knows an author’s purpose then one will betterunderstand his writing. Also if we study the content, structure, and arrangementof an author's writing we will better see and understand his purpose.H. Discover the content, this can be done by the use of a chart. The chartcan include six sections: (1) Key Words, (2) Main Ideas, (3)Grammatical structure, (4) Contrasts, Comparisons, & Illustrations,(5) Connectives, (6) Advice and Promises. This is an extension of (F),as illustrated above. During this step the student is concerned with thecontent and the way the author writes, whereas in F the student is onlymaking general observations.1. Key Words - Note the words that are repeated.2. Main Ideas - Note ideas that are repeated.3. Grammatical structurea. Note verb tenses, nouns, pronouns, prepositions.b. Note subjects, objects of verbs, adjectives, and adverbs andhow they describe other words.c. Note who, when, where, what, why and how.4. Contrasts, Comparisons, & Illustrations - How are things compared,illustrated, or what examples are given? How are thingscontrasted? Note generalizations, a general statementexplained with an example or illustration. Or the author maylist a series of ideas then summarize them with a general statement. Noteprogressions in thought: (1) Lists of items- compare the first andlast items in the series and see if there is a significant difference. (2)Note if one idea grows out from another and then builds to aclimax. Note the use of questions by the author. He may usequestions to introduce a problem or summarize a challenge.5. Connectives - tell what the connectives are and what they are for(see the connectives list above in F).6. Advice and Promises - Note how commands, advice, and warningsare many times backed-up with reasons, purposes, proofs, orresults. Note the cause and effect . An example of this is giving awarning then showing effects of heeding or not heeding. You note that some of the steps are repeated but that is because there is adifferent focus each time around. But once a person becomes acquainted with themethods than you can then start to combine steps. Remember however thatbefore shortcuts can be taken you must travel the long route several times.II. Analysis (Observation) - Be like a Microscope. A microscope is used to see thesmall, minute details. In Active Bible Study we want to examine the underlyingparts, relationships, and definitions that may not always be obvious on thesurface.