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Brault_Perrault

Brault_Perrault

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./
French settlement a century later. Thehunting
of
large marine mammalswasone
of
the activities that had alreadyluredshipsfromWestern Europeto thiscontinent,andwhetherthe islanders'beluga trapwaspart
of
aFrenchheritageor wasadaptedfrom native people
's
practiceswasimmateri
al
whensetalongside the importance
of
theproducts
of
the countless belu
gas
caughtfor the islandeconomy.Whereas islanders depended
on
thefauna
of
thesurroundingwaters tosurvive,they neededshipsfor trade to progress beyondsubsistence.Thecon struction
of
schoonerstocarrypulp ing logsfromriver mouths to marketwas a critical contributionto thatenterprise. Not onlywere discovery,settlement, subsistence,and tradestepsin the development
of
asense
of
legitimacy that justified thecommunity'spresence but they also provideda sense
of
self-sufficiency,if
not
autonomy.But in theworld
of
the 1960s
("Le
regne
du
jour
,"
as we
mightsayinthe islanders' dialect), the purposesforhunting, travel, andconstructionhadchanged.Theyweregrounded by then in ritual,spectacle,and recital.Theywereno longer being driven bymaterial necessity. Belugaswere
not
being caught for theiroil,theirskins
or
their meat; theywere wantedfor
urban
displays.
of
wildlife.Peoplewere
not
crossingthe Atlantic toextendtheir universe; theycrossed in
order
toseektheirroots andaffirm their origins. Wooden boats andshipswere
not
being built to
support
anage-old economy;theywerebuiltfor personal use and tourism.
The
control
of
the
old
economy had passed
outof
the hands
of
theislanders. Andthe French had longsince withdrawntheir interest in the landGod gavetoCain.The death
of
Alexis,shortlyafterthecompletion
of
shootingfor
Les
voitures
d'
eau,
seemedto confirmasensein Perrault that therewasno more to be doneon ile-aux-Coudresin thesearchto defineanational iden tity. The island hadservedits purposewell
as
a microcosm
of
changes happening in the wake
of
the province
's
Quiet Revolution. But Quebec nationalism was on the rise and was raisingquestions thatwentwell beyond theconfines and concerns
of
a singleislandcommunity.
If
Perraultwantedtodocument that nationalismatwork, hewouldhave to build
on
whathe hadlearned on tIe-aux-Coudres,hewould have to
go
beyond itsconfines,hewould have to
go
from the particularto the general.Andthat
is
whathe did.
Ex"'rpt
from
David
Clandfield's
book
,
Pierre
Perrallll:
The
Poetic
DoalmenllJry.
TorontoInternational
Fi
lmF
estival
Group,
July 2004.
I.
If
we
include
the
shOr1
Le
beau
plaisir
.
2. 
Michel Brule,
Pierre
Perraultou uncinema
na
tioll"l
.
Pressesde
I ' U n i
versit~
de
M o n t r ~
,
J
97-1.
88
1927 
29 juin, naissance de Pierre Perrault,
a
Montreal!
PierrePerrault
is
born onJune
29
in Montreal. 
1942-1947 
Etudes dassiques dans divers etablissements, dont
Ie
College de Montreal,
Ie
College Andre-Grasset et
Ie
College Sainte-Marie. Collabore aux journaux etudiants et publie sa premiere piece
Les 
pierres
envrac
dans les
Cahiers
d'Arlequin, 
au College Sainte-Marie, oil
il
fait la connaissance de Marcel Dube, d'HubertAquinet de Louis-Georges Carrier.Studies classics at Collegede Montreal,College Andre-GrassetandCollege Sainte Marie.Contributes
to
studentnewspapersand
publi
~
hes
his
first
play,
Les
Pierres envrac
in
Ca
hiers
d
'A
riequin
at College SainteMarie, where
he
meets MarcelDube,HubertAquin and Louis-Georges Carrier.
1948-1950
Etudes de droit
a
)'Universite de Montreal.Joueur etoile de l'equipe universitaire dehockey
Les
Carabins, Perrault fait paraitreune quarantaine d'articles dans
Le
Quarrier latin,
journaldont
il
sera
Ie
directeur jusqu'en 1950.EngagedansI'Association etudiante(
AGEUM
),
il
Yrencontre Yolande Simard. Grace
a
elle,Perrault decouvre la region de Charlevoixet fait la connaissance
d'
Alexis Tremblay,personnage principal de la trilogiede 1'1Ie-aux-Coudres.Studies
law
at),Universite de Montreal,where he becomes thestarplayeronthe university hockey team
Les
Carabins.Publishes
40
orsoarticlesin
LeQuartierlatin,
which he willhead until
1950.
MeetsYolande Simard atthestudent association
(A.G
.E.U.M.).Sheintroduces him
to
theCharlevoixregionandto AlexisTremblay,
A
PROPOS
DE
PIERREPERRAULT
/ABOUT
PIERREPERRAULT
CHRONOLOGIE / CHRONOLOGY
the maincharacter inthe He-aux-Coudrestrilogy.
1
951
Mariage avec Yolande Simard. Sejour
du
couple
a
Paris, oil Pierre
Perraultpoursuit
ses etudes en histoire
du
droit.
Pour
gagnersavie, il devient joueur
entraineur
de hockey
pour
l'equipenationale de France.Marries YolandeSimard.The couplelive inParis,wherePierre Perraultcontinues studyingthehistoryof
law.
Earnshisliving
as
player-trainerfor the Frenchnationalhockey team.
1952-1954
Perrault termine
sa
quatrieme annee
de
droit
a
l'Universite de Montreal.
n
etudieen
droit international
a
l'Universite deToronto
ou
il
apprendsurtout
l'anglais.Pierre Perrault entreprendsa
pratique
du
droit dans
un
bureau
de la
rue 
Saint-Jacques
a
Montreal, en 1954. Perraultcompletesfourthyear
of
law atUniversite deMontreal.Studies internationalprivate
law
attheUniversity
of
Toronto wherehelearns English.Begins practising
law
in an office
on
SaintJacques Street,Montreal,in1954.
1955
Perrault
amorce sa carriere
radiophonique
a
Radio-Canada avecla serie
Au
bord de
la
riviere
et
il
travailleavec
Ie
chanteur
f r a n ~ s
JacquesDouai
qui
est de passage
a
Montreal;
une
longue collaboration
naitra 
de cette rencontre. Perraultbeginshis radiocareer at  Radio-Canada withtheseries
Au
bord
de
.
la
ri
vie
re
and works withFrenchsin
ge
rJacquesDouai, who
is
visitingMontreal,thus beginningalong-term partnership.
89
 
1956-1951
Perrault quitte
sa
pratique
du
droit
pour
se
consacrer
II
I'ecriture et
II
l'
enregistrement de
series
radiophoniques
telles
que
Le
chant
des
hommes,
Poemes
et
chansons
et
Au
pays
de Neufve-France,
lesquelles
mettenten
valeur
la
parole
et
les
chants
des
habitants
de la
region de
Charlevoix.Perraultleaves his law practice to devotehimself to writing and recording radioseries such as
Le
chant
des
hommes, Poemeset chansons
and
Au
pays de Neufve-France,
which feature the words
and
songs
of
theCharlevoixregion.
1951-1958
Avec
la
collaboration
du
realisateurRene Bonniere, il
tourne
la serie
Au
paysde Neufve-France
pour
la televisionde Radio-Canada. Cette serie
de
treizedemi-heures,
dont
La
traverse
d'hiver
a
l'lle-aux-Coudres
avec Alexis Tremblay,sera
produite par
Crawley Films
Ltd.
Heanddirector Rene Bonniereshoot theseries
Au
pays
de
Neufve-France
for Radio·Canada television. Theseriescomprisesthirteen half-hourshows,including
La
traverse d'hiver
ii
I'Ile-
aux-Coudres
with
Alexis
Tremblay,and
is
produced
by
CrawleyFilms Ltd.
1959-1960
'
PerraultpoursuitI'enregistrementde plusieurs
series
radiophoniquesqui seront
diffusees
II
Radio-Canada.
Perraultcontinuesmaking radioseries broadcast
by
Radio-Canada.
Dece
s
du
p
remier ministre
du
Quebe
c
Maurice
Duplessis
et
election,
en
1960,
du
Parti liberalde
Jean
lesage.
Debut
de
la
Revolution
tranquille.
D
eathof
the
Pr
e
mierofQuebec
,
Maurice
Duplessisand
election,
in
1960,
of
Jean
Lesage's
LiberalPar
ty
.
Begin~ing
of
the
Quiet
Revolu
tion.
1961-1962
Pierre Perrault amorce
Ie
tournagede
Pour
lasuite
du monde
sur
l'lIe-aux
Coudres en compagnie de
Michel
Brault
et
de Marcel Carriere.
Parutionde sonpremier
recueil
de
poemes,
Portulan,
qui
rem
porte
Ie
prixdu Grand
Jury
deslett res
canadiennes.
Perrault beginsshooting
Pour
la
suitedumonde
on
lle-aux-Coudres withMichelBrault and MarcelCarriere.Publishes first collection
of
poems.
.Portulan,
for which he wins the
Prix du Grand Jury des
lettTes
canadiennes. 
1963-1964 
Sortie
du
film
Pour
la
suite
dumonde
en
1963,
premier long metrage
canadien
II 
etre
presente en competition
officielle
au
Festival
de
Cannes.
Perrault poursuit
son travail
d'ecriture
avec
Ballades
du
temps precieux
et
Toutes Isles,
deux
recueils de poesie,
ainsi
que
Au
camr
de la rose,
piece de
theatre
pour
laquelle il
obtiendra
Ie 
prix du Gouverneur
general
en
1964. 
Pour
la
suitedumonde
is
released in 1963, thefirstCanadian feature to beshown in  officialcompetition at theCannesFilm  Festival. In thesame year,Perrault publishes  two poetry collections,
Ballades dutemps prt!cieux
and
Toutes
Isles
,
as
wellas aplay, 
Au
caur
dela
rose,
which wins him the Governor General
's
Award in 1964. 
Premieres
manifestations
du
Frontde
liberation 
du
Quebec
(FlQ)
. 
The
Frontde
liberation
du
Quebe
c
(FlQ)
begins 
its
activities. 
1965-1961 
Avec
Bernard
Gosselin
II
la
camera, Perrault
complete
Ie
tournage
de la trilogie
de
I'IIe-aux-Coudres:
Ie
regne 
du jour
(1967)
et
Les voitures
d'eau 
(1968).
Premiere
publication de
Discours 
sur
la
parole
(1966)
et diffusion
II 
Radio-Canada
de
la
serie
radiophonique 
/'habite une
ville.
With cinematographer BernardGosselin,Perraultcompletestheshooting
of
the lleaux-Coudres Trilogy:
Le
regne du jour
(1967)and
Les
voitures d'eau (1968).Discourssur
la
parole
(1966)
is
publis
hed
andhis
J'habite une ville
radioseries
is
broadcast
on
Radio-Canada.
90
.,
1968-1969
A
la
suite
de la
fondation
du
Mouvementsouverainete-association (MSA)
par
Rene Levesque,
Pierre
Perrault
etMichel Brault
accompagnent
celui-cijusqu'll
WInnipeg
et
tournent
lespremieres images de ce
qui deviendra
Un
pays sans bon
sensl
(1970).
Os
se
rendent
aussi
en
Acadie
pour
suivrela
manifestation
des
etudiantsde
I'Universite
de
Moncton,
ce
qui donnera
Ie film
L'Acadie I'Acadie?!?
(1971).
After ReneLevesquefounds theMouvementsouverainete-association(MSA), Pierre Perrault and Michel Braultaccompany Levesque to Winnipeg andshoot thefirstimages
of
what will become
Un
payssansbon se
ns
I (1970). They also
go
to Acadie toobservethe demonstrations
of
Universitede Monctonstudents,resulting in the film
L'Acadie, I'Acadie?!?
(1971).
1910
Crise
d'oc~obre
au
Quebec
.le gouvernementcanadien
proclame
la
loi
des mesures
de
guerre.
O
ctobe
r
Cris
is
inQu
e
bec
.
Th
e
Canadian
government
invokes
the
War
Measures
Act.
La
sortie en
salle commerciale
du
film
Un
pays sans bon sens!
est annulee
par
I'ONF
qui en
restreint ainsi I'exploitation.
The
NFB cancels the theatrical release
of
Un
pays sansbonsens
I.
thus limitingits distribution.
1
911
Reagissant
II
la
situation
politiquequi
existe
au
Quebec,
Perrault
ecrit
En
desespoir de cause,
publie aux
00.
Parti pris.
Sortie
du
film
L'Acadiel'Acadie?!?
corealise avec Michel
Brault.
In reaction to the politicalsituationin Quebec,Perrault writes
En
desespoirdecause,
published by Parti pri
s.
Release
of
L'Acadie I'Acadie?
I?co-directedwith Michel Brault.
Le
prem
i
er
ministre
du
Quebec,
Robert
Bourassa,
annonceI'exploitation
du
potentielhydroelectrique
de
la
Baie-James.
The
P
rem
ier
ofQuebec,Robert
Bour
assa,
announcesthegovernmentintention
to exploit
thehydroelectricpotential
of
James
Bay
.
1912-1914
Pierre Perrault
et
Bernard
Gosselinse
rendent
a
1a
Baie-James
afin
de
suivre
1e
debut
de
la
construction
des
barrages
hydroelectriques. Finalement, ils decident
de
filmer les repercussions
de
ces
travauxsur
les
populations
d'
Abitibi, ce
quidonnera
les
quatre
films
du
cycle abitibienavec,
comme
figure centrale, I'agriculteur
et
politicien Hauris Lalancette.Pierre Perrault and Bernard GosselinvisitJames
Bay
to witness thestart
of
the bighydroelectric projects. Finally, they decideto film theside-effects
of
the dam building
on
the people
of
Abitibi,resulting in thefourfilms
of
theAbitibi cyclefeaturingfarmer and politician Hauris Lalancette.
1915-1911
Parutionde
deux
recueils
de
poesie,
Chouennes
(prixduGouverneur
general,1975)
et
Gtlivures
(1977).Sortie
des
films
du
cycle
abitibien
:
Un
royaume
vous
attend
(1975),
Ie
retour
a
la terre
(1976)
et
Cetait
un
Quebecois en Bretagne,
Madame!
(1977).
Toujours
avec
Bernard
Gosselin,
Perrault
s'interesse
II
la
situation
des
Amerindiens, auxquels
il
consacre deux
films,
Le goilt de la
farine
(1977)
et
Le
pays
de
la
terre sans arbre
ou
Ie
Mouchouiinipi
(1980); il
publie
Discours
sur
la
condition
sauvage et.quebecoise
(1977).Publication
of
two
poetry
collections,
Chouennes
(GovernorGeneral's Award,1975) and
Gelivures
(1977).Release
of
theAbitibi film cycle:
Un
royaumevous attend
(1975),
Le
retour
ilia
terre
(1976)and
C'etaitun Quebecois en Bretagne,Madame!
(1977).Still withBernardGosselin,Perrault looks
at
thesituation
of
the aboriginal peoples. to
whom
hedevotes two films,
Le
goutde
la
farine.
(1977)and
Le
pays de
la
terre sansarbreou
Ie
Mouchouiinipi
(1980); he publishes
Discourssur
la
condition sauvage etquebecoise(1977).
91

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