Ranges: Great Himalayan Range, Lesser Himalayas (Dhaoladhar in HP and Nagtibha inUttarakhand), Shivalik rangePilgrimage: Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Hemkund Sahib and the fivefamous prayags (Refer to Panch Prayag)Famous for hill stations: Dharamshala, Mussoorie, Shimla, Kaosani; Cantt.: Kasauli, Almora,Lansdowne, RanikhetThe important distinguishin
g features of this area are the ‘Shivalik’ and ‘Dun formations’.
Important duns: Chandigarh-Kalka, Nalagarh, Dehra, Harike, KotaDehradun is the largest of all duns: Length
35-45 KM, Width: 22-25 KMInhabited with the
tribe. They migrate to higher reaches (Bugyals) in summer andreturn to the valleys during winters.
Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas
Between Nepal Himalayas and Bhutan Himalayas.Fast flowing rivers such as TistaPeaks: KanchenjungaTribe: LepchaHas a mixed population of Nepalis, Bengalis and tribals from Central India.Importance: Due to the moderate slope, it is best suited for tea plantations. <India producesabout 26 pc of tea in the world; second after China. Also, accounts for 12 pc of tea exports;fourth in the world.>Duar formations are peculiar to this region.
From Bhutan Himalayas to Diphu pass in the east.Direction: Southwest to NortheastPeaks: Kangtu and Namya BarwaRivers: Brahmaputra, Kameng, Subansiri, Dihang, Dibang and Lohit.These rivers are perennial and have the
highest hydro-electric power potential
in thecountry.Tribes: Monpa, Daffla, Abor, Mishmi, Nishi and NagasThese communities practice shifting cultivation known as
Eastern Hills and Mountains
Direction: North to SouthRanges: Patkai Bum, Naga hills, Manipur hills, Mizo or Lushai hillsThese are low hillsTribes practice Jhum cultivationRivers: Barak. Most of the Nagaland rivers form a tributary of Brahmaputra. Rivers in easternManipur are the tributaries of Chindwin, which in turn is a tributary of the Irrawady of Myanmar.Lake: Loktak Loktak Lake: is an important lake in Manipur which is surrounded by mountains on all sides.It is the largest freshwater lake in northeastern India. Also called the only
inthe world due to floating masses of organic matter on it. It serves as a source for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply.