a muscle that moves a part of the body away from the midline of the body.
ABO blood-type system:
a blood-type system that consists of two basic antigens, A and B. Blood-type Ois the absence of both antigens.
usually a sandstone slab used for grinding and polishing.
the determination of age with reference to a specific time scale, such as a fixedcalendrical system; also referred to as chronometric dating.
reversible physiological adjustments to stressful environments.
growth by virtue of an increase in inter-cellular materials.
cultural change that occurs in response to extended firsthand contacts between two or more previously autonomous groups.
a society without a political head such as a president, chief, or king.
social standing and prestige reflecting the ability of an individual to acquire anestablished position in society as a result of individual accomplishments (cf. ascribed status).
a chromosome in which the centromere is near one end, resulting in arms of very unequal length.
a limited portion of a site in which a specialized cultural function was carried out, such asfood preparation, tool manufacture etc.
family of Eocene prosimians found in North America, Asia, Europe, and possibly Africa; maybe related to lemurs and lorises.
changes in gene frequencies resulting from selective pressures being placed upon apopulation by environmental factors; results in a greater fitness of the population to its ecological niche.
the evolution of a single evolutionary stock into a number of different species.
a purine found in DNA and RNA.
adenosine triphosphate (ATP):
the main fuel of cells. ATP is manufactured by the mitochondria.
the ability of humans to survive in stressful environments by nongenetic means.
a twentieth-century system of ownership in which land is owned and managedby the state; found in China, the Soviet Union, and some parts of Africa and Latin America.
adolescent growth spurt:
a rapid increase in stature and other dimensions of the body that occursduring puberty.
the period in an individual's life cycle after the eruption of the last permanent teeth.