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Confidence Intervals for One Population Proportion

# Confidence Intervals for One Population Proportion

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"Statisticians often need to determine the proportion (percentage) of a population that has a specified attribute. A population proportion is the proportion (percentage) of a population that has a specified attribute.
"
"Statisticians often need to determine the proportion (percentage) of a population that has a specified attribute. A population proportion is the proportion (percentage) of a population that has a specified attribute.
"

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10/09/2013

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Statistics

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Subject: Statistics

Confidence Intervals for One PopulationProportion
A population proportion is the proportion (percentage) of a population that has a specifiedattribute. For example, if the population under consideration consists of all Americans and thespecified attribute is
“retired,

“the population proportion is the proportion of all Americans who are
retired. Statisticians often need to determine the proportion (percentage) of a population that has aspecified attribute. Some examples are

The percentage of U.S. adults who have health insurance

The percentage of cars in the United States that are imports

The percentage of U.S. adults who favor stricter clean air health standards

The percentage of Canadian women in the labor force.In the first case, the population consists of all U.S. adults and the specified attribute is
“has healthinsurance. “ For the second case, the population consists of all cars in the United States and the
specified attribute is
“is an import.

“The population in the third case is all U.S.
“favors stricter clean air health standards.

“In the fourth case, the population
consists of all Canadian women and the specified attribute is
“is in the labor force. “We know that it
is often impractical or impossible to take a census of a large population. In practice, therefore, weuse data from a sample to make inferences about the population proportion. We introduceproportion notation and terminology in the next example. Consider a population in which eachmember either has or does not have a specified attribute. Then we use the following notation andterminology.
Population proportion:
The proportion (percentage) of the entire population that has thespecified attribute.

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The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Subject: Statistics

Sample proportion:
The proportion (percentage) of a sample from the population that has thespecified attribute.
To make inferences about a population mean, μ, we must know the sampling distribution of the
sample mean, that is, the distribution of the variable. The same is true for proportions: To makeinferences about a population proportion, we need to know the sampling distribution of the sampleproportion, that is, the distribution of the variable. Because a proportion can always be regarded asa mean, we can use our knowledge of the sampling distribution of the sample mean to derive thesampling distribution of the sample proportion. The margin of error is equal to half the length of the confidence interval. It represents the precision with which a sample proportion estimates thepopulation proportion at the specified confidence level. In general, the margin of error of anestimator represents the precision with which it estimates the parameter in question. If the marginof error and confidence level is given, then we must determine the sample size required to meetthose specifications.