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Muqaddamah Al Hadees

Muqaddamah Al Hadees

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Published by abassalishah
Related to Hadith
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Published by: abassalishah on Oct 09, 2013
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Muqaddamah Mishkatfile:///D|/Islamic%20Collection/Islamic%20Documents/Muqaddamah%20al-Hadees.htm[04-11-2011 15:48:58]
The Introduction”By Ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-Haqq Ad-Dihliwi,May The Creator have mercy on him.
*with added preface, translation, and explanatory notes
:
The knowledge of Hadeeth is amongst the noblest of knowledges. Its importance is great as well.One can not understand the Quraan without the Hadeeth. From the benefits of spending ones timeinvolved with the study of Hadeeth is that it will enable a person to implement the Sunnah of ourbeloved prophet Muhammad, prayers and peace be upon him in his life more and more. Many of thescholars of this Ummah have spent their time in serving this science of Hadeeth in one way oranother. This text serves as a primer to the science of Hadeeth. It introduces some of the terminologiesused by the scholars of Hadeeth. The Hadeeth are integral to the Deen. This is true to such an extentthat once a group had appeared and labeled themselves as “Ahlul-Quraan” {The people of Quraan};claiming to only follow the Quraan and not the Hadeeth, after thorough research the verdict was given, by the scholars of their region, of kufr{disbelief}! Interestingly enough this deviant group’s and
 
Muqaddamah Mishkatfile:///D|/Islamic%20Collection/Islamic%20Documents/Muqaddamah%20al-Hadees.htm[04-11-2011 15:48:58]
their leader’s coming was prophesized by Sayyidunaa Muhammad, prayers and peace be upon him.Al-Imaam At-Tirmidhi narrates in his “Al-Jaami’” a Hadeeth which indicates this.The author of this text happened to be from the Indian subcontinent. Due to this a brief history will be mentioned of the Hadeeth sciences in that region of the world. During the time of thecaliphate of Al-Waleed
1
, Muhammad Bin Qaasim Ath-Thaqafi gained victory of the “Sind” region. Atthis time the ‘Arabs who had come began teaching Hadeeth. Then the Ghaznawis entered and broughtwith them fortune telling and poetry. After this many people had come and tried to revive the Hadeethsciences but were not very successful. Later some scholars from within decided to leave and go to the‘Arab world and learn. From them was Muhammad Bin Taahir, whose teacher was a big scholar inHadeeth. He, himself, became an accomplished Hadeeth scholar and authored many works in that fieldin the Arabic language. From these works are: “Ghareebul-Hadeeth” and “Al-Mughni fee Asmaa ir-Rijaal”. ?He was the teacher of Ash-Shaykh Waliyyullah Bin Abdir-Raheem who taught his sonAbdul-‘Azeez, and grandson Ismaa’eel. Ash-Shaykh Ismaa’eel became the teacher of Abdul-Haqq, theauthor of this text. Later in this chain of scholars came a scholar by the name of Al-Gangohi who wasso strict in regards to innovation that when an annual practice occurred in his city that contravenedthe Sunnah he would leave the city! This occurred until the last year of his life where he was too sick to travel so he confined himself to his home and isolated himself from the people. From this time oneof his contemporaries began founding of Daarul-‘Uloom Deobund, which was established to defendthe prophetic Hadeeth.In regards to starting a book on a Wednesday there is a weak narration that indicates that if abook is started on that day it will be completed. Some ‘Ulema of the past used to act upon it.
In the name of Allah, the All Merciful, The Compassionate
.
An introduction in clarification of some of the terminologies of the science of 
 Hadeeth
from what would suffice inexplaining the book, without long-windedness or lengthiness.
 
Muqaddamah Mishkatfile:///D|/Islamic%20Collection/Islamic%20Documents/Muqaddamah%20al-Hadees.htm[04-11-2011 15:48:58]
Know that
 Hadeeth
in the usage of most of the scholars of 
 Hadeeth
applies to the speech of the prophet, prayers and  peace be upon him, his actions and his acquiescing.
.
Acquiescing means that someone did or said something in his presence, prayers and peace be upon him, and he didn’treject him or prohibit him from that; Nay rather he was silent and acquiesced.
.
It applies likewise to the speech of the companion
1
, his action, his acquiescence, and to the speech of the follower, hisaction, and his acquiescence.
.
So that which goes back to the prophet, blessings and peace be upon him, is called 
 Marfoo’
.
.
That which goes back to the companion is called 
 Mawqoof 
.
.
As it is said Ibn ‘Abbaas said, did, acquiesced, or on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas, {
 Mawqoof 
}, or 
 Mawqoof 
on Ibn‘Abbaas.
.
That which goes back to a follower is
 Maqtoo’
.
.
Some of them made
 Hadeeth
specific to the
 Marfoo’
and 
 Mawqoof 
since the
 Maqtoo’
is called 
 Athar 
.
 
.
Also
 Athar 
could apply to the
 Marfoo’
as it is said the supplications for that which has come from the prophet blessings and peace be upon him.
.
At-Tahaawi named his book consisting of clarifying prophetic
 Ahaadeeth
and 
 Aathaar 
of the companions: Explanationof the meanings of the
 Aathaar 
.

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