Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
17Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
oil and gas production handbook

oil and gas production handbook

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,674 |Likes:
Published by Asep Herman

More info:

Published by: Asep Herman on Jul 20, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/05/2013

pdf

text

original

0

OIL AND GAS
PRODUCTION
HANDBOOK

An introduction to oil and gas production
H\u00e5vard Devold
\u00a9 2006 ABB ATPA Oil and Gas
\ue000\ue001\ue001\ue002
1
PREFACE

This handbook is has been compiled to give readers with an interested in the oil and
gas production industry an overview of the main processes and equipment. When I
started to search for a suitable introduction to be used for new engineers, I
discovered that much of this equipment is described in standards, equipment manuals
and project documentation. But little material was found to quickly give the reader
an overview of the entire upstream area, while still preserving enough detail to let the
engineer get an appreciation of the main characteristics and design issues.,

This book is by no means a comprehensive description on the detailed design of any
part of this process, and many details have been omitted in the interest of overview. I
have included some comments on the control issues, since that is part of my own
background. For the same reason, the description will be somewhat biased toward
the offshore installations.

The material has been compiled form various online sources as well as ABB and customer documents. I am thankful to my colleagues in the industry for providing valuable input, in particular Erik Solbu of Norsk Hydro for the Njord process and valuable comments. I have included many photos to give the reader an impression what typical facilities or equipment look like. Non-ABB photo source given below picture other pictures and illustrations are ABB.

Edition 1.3 Oslo, June 2006
H\u00e5vard Devold
\u00a92006 ABB ATPA Oil and Gas

Except as otherwise indicated, all materials, including but not limited to design, text, graphics,
other files, and the selection and arrangement thereof, are the copyright property of ABB, ALL
RIGHTS RESERVED. You may electronically copy and print hard-copy of this document only for
non-commercial personal use, or non-commercial use within the organization that employs you,
provided that the materials are not modified and all copyright or proprietary notices are retained.
Use of photos and graphics and references form other sources in no way promotes or endorses
these products and services and is for illustration only.

2
CONTENTS
1
Introduction....................................................................................................... 4
2
Process overview.............................................................................................. 6
2.1
Facilities.................................................................................................. 7
2.1.1
Onshore.......................................................................................... 8
2.1.2
Offshore......................................................................................... 9
2.2
Main Process Sections........................................................................... 12
2.2.1
Wellheads.................................................................................... 12
2.2.2
Manifolds/gathering..................................................................... 12
2.2.3
Separation.................................................................................... 13
2.2.4
Gas compression.......................................................................... 14
2.2.5
Metering, storage and export....................................................... 15
2.3
Utility systems....................................................................................... 16
3
Reservoir and Wellheads................................................................................ 17
3.1
Crude oil and Natural gas...................................................................... 17
3.1.1
Crude Oil..................................................................................... 17
3.1.2
Natural Gas.................................................................................. 18
3.1.3
Condensates................................................................................. 19
3.2
The Reservoir........................................................................................ 19
3.3
Exploration and Drilling........................................................................ 21
3.4
The Well................................................................................................ 24
3.4.1
Well Casing................................................................................. 25
3.4.2
Completion.................................................................................. 26
3.5
Wellhead............................................................................................... 27
3.5.1
Subsea wells................................................................................ 29
3.5.2
Injection....................................................................................... 30
3.6
Artificial Lift......................................................................................... 30
3.6.1
Rod Pumps................................................................................... 31
3.6.2
Downhole Pumps......................................................................... 31
3.6.3
Gas Lift........................................................................................ 32
3.6.4
Plunger Lift.................................................................................. 33
3.7
Well workover, intervention and stimulation. ....................................... 33
3.8
Unconventional sources of oil and gas.................................................. 35
3.8.1
Extra Heavy Crude...................................................................... 35
3.8.2
Tar sands...................................................................................... 36
3.8.3
Oil Shale...................................................................................... 36
3.8.4
Coal, Coal Gasification and Liquefaction.................................... 37
3.8.5
Methane Hydrates........................................................................ 37
3.8.6
Biofuels........................................................................................ 38
3.8.7
Hydrogen..................................................................................... 38
4
The Oil and Gas Process................................................................................. 40
4.1
Manifolds and Gathering....................................................................... 42

Activity (17)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Georges K liked this
shaikhbwc liked this
Murali Krishnan liked this
böhmit liked this
nagaraj0710 liked this
MohdAizie Muda liked this
bharinku liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->