All statements of fact, opinion, or analysis expressed in this book are those of the author. They do not necessarily reflect official positions of the Central Intel- ligence Agency or any other US government entity, past or present. Nothing in the contents should be construed as asserting or implying US government endorsement of the authors’ factual statements and interpretations.
The Center for the Study of Intelligence
The Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI) was founded in 1974 in response to Director of Central Intelligence James Schlesinger’s desire to create within CIA an organization that could“think through the functions of intelligence and bring the best intellects available to bear on intelli-gence problems.” The Center, comprising professional historians and experienced practitioners,attempts to document lessons learned from past operations, explore the needs and expectations of intelligence consumers, and stimulate serious debate on current and future intelligence challenges.To support these activities, CSI publishes
Studies in Intelligence
and books and monographsaddressing historical, operational, doctrinal, and theoretical aspects of the intelligence profession. Italso administers the CIA Museum and maintains the Agency’s Historical Intelligence Collection. Comments and questions may be addressed to:Center for the Study of IntelligenceCentral Intelligence AgencyWashington, DC 20505Printed copies of this book are available to requesters outside the US government from: Government Printing Office (GPO)Superintendent of DocumentsP.O. Box 391954Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954Phone: (202) 512-1800E-mail: email@example.comISBN: 1-929667-14-0
:The portraits on the front and back covers are of the 19 directors of central intelligence, beginning withthe first, RAdm. Sidney Souers, at the top of column of portraits in front and ending with the last, PorterGoss, on the back.On the back cover, seals representing each of the 15 organizations of the US Intelligence Community,as of 2005, surround the seal of the director of central intelligence.