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Ch32 Solid Shell Element

Ch32 Solid Shell Element

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Published by little-wing
chapter on principles of FEM analysis
chapter on principles of FEM analysis

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Published by: little-wing on Jul 21, 2009
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.
3 2
A Solid ShellElement
32–1
 
Chapter 32: A SOLID SHELL ELEMENT
32
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
§32.1.
Introduction
32–4§32.2.
Geometric Description
32–4§32.2.1. The Flattened Brick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325§32.2.2. Natural Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326§32.2.3. Coordinate Transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327§32.2.4. Warped to Flat Geometric Transformation . . . . . . . . 329§32.2.5. Warping Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329§32.2.6. Volume Computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3210§32.3.
SS8 Element Description
32–12§32.3.1. Global Displacements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3212§32.3.2. Local Displacements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3213§32.3.3. Flattening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3213§32.4.
SS8 Stiffness Matrix
32–14§32.4.1. Behavioral Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3214§32.4.2. Top Level Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3216§32.4.3. Calculation Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3216§32.5.
Constitutive Properties
32–19§32.5.1. Laminate Fabrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3219§32.5.2. Wall Fabrication Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . 3219§32.5.3. MBT Constitutive Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3219§32.5.4. MBT Thickness Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3221§32.5.5. Implementation of MBT Integration . . . . . . . . . . . 3221§32.5.6. Transverse Shear Constitutive Equations . . . . . . . . . 3224§32.6.
Membrane, Bending and Thickness (MBT) Stiffness
32–24§32.6.1. Four-Noded Quadrilateral Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . 3225§32.6.2. Quadrilateral Invariant Relations . . . . . . . . . . . 3226§32.6.3. The Assumed Strains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3227§32.6.4. The Fitted Strain Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3229§32.6.5. Extending the Quadrilateral Strains to SS8 . . . . . . . . . 3230§32.6.6. Membrane Strain Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . 3230§32.6.7. Thickness Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3232§32.6.8. Strain Field Consistency Checks . . . . . . . . . . . 3233§32.6.9. The Thickness Strain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3233§32.6.10. Thickness Strain Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . 3234§32.6.11. MBT Strain Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3236§32.6.12. The MBT Stiffness Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3237§32.7.
Transverse Shear Stiffness
32–38§32.7.1. Assumptions and Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . 3238§32.7.2. Comment on the Foregoing Assumptions . . . . . . . . . 3239§32.7.3. Strain Computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3239§32.7.4. Transverse Shear Strain Implementation . . . . . . . . . 3241
32
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32
3
§
32.7.5. Shear Stiffness Matrix Implementation . . . . . . . . . . 32
42
§
32.7.6. RBM Cleanup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
44
§
32.8.
A Special Geometry
32
45
§
32.8.1. Stiffness of an Isotropic Rectangular-Prismatic Element . . . . 32
45
§
32.8.2. Torsion Response of Individual Element . . . . . . . . . 32
48
§
32.9.
Numerical Tests
32
50
§
32.9.1. Patch Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
50
§
32.9.2. Invariance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
50
§
32.9.3. Two-Ply Rectangular Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
50
§
32.9.4. Inplane Distortion Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
51
§
32.9.5. Homogeneous and Laminated Pinched Ring . . . . . . . . 32
52
§
32.9.6. Pinched Cylindrical Shell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
53
§
32.9.7. Scordelis-Lo Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
54
§
32.9.8. Pinched Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
55
§
32.9.9. Pretwisted Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
56
§
32.10.
Conclusions
32
57
§
32.10.1. General Strengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
57
§
32.10.2. Special Strengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
57
§
32.10.3. Weaknesses and Question Marks . . . . . . . . . . . 32
57
Acknowledgements
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
References
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
32
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