Partitioning Your Hard Drive for Linux
The hardest part for me was trying to understanding what a partition was and how I should use it.A partition is a way to divide or separated the space on your hard-drive so each part can be used tokeep different data. A partition is mostly used to separate different operating systems so you theycan run on one machine, but can be used to separate data too. All Windows computers come with a
“C:” drive and some also come with a Recovery “D:” drive.
These drives are both separatepartitions, they separate the Windows OS data from the Recovery data. These partitions can be asbig or as small as you wish, depending on how big your hard-drive is. Now that we understand a partition is just a
way to separate different data we’ll need to learn about
partition types, and formats.
There are 3 types of partitions,
partition is the only type of partition that a Windows or MAC OS can boot from. The C:drive is a primary partition.A
partition is used to store any data that you might want, it can be assigned a letter like “H:”or “J:” exactly like the C: drive has.
boot from either a logical or primary partition. An
partition is a container to hold your logical partitions. This means an extended partitionis really justa bunch of logical partitions put together.
: you must have an extended partitionbefore you can create logical partitions.
These do not have formats, and there size is thesize of the logical partitions inside.
space is just space that is un-partitioned, and has no data on it. To get unallocatedspace you will have to Shrink the a drive. An example is you have a 150GB C: that you shrink to100GB, you're then left with 50GB unallocated space.
No data is lost when shrinking.
A single hard-drive may only contain 4 primary partitions
3 primary and 1 extendedpartition, with as many logical partitions inside as you want.
drive can have quite a few different formats, but we’ll only cover a few hear.
The format will determine how the hard-drive handlesand stores data.
It’s hard to explain each format without getting super technical so I’ll just include a link to its wiki so you can go as in
-depthas you want.
is the default Windows partition format.
is the newest Linux partition format.
a partition in this format will relieve your RAM when running Linux.(Link on this is a prettyeasy read and good info)
Before we start!
It is advised that you have a backup disk of your OS in case it becomes corrupt(Not likely).
*****BACKUP YOUR DATA*****
You need to back up your computer! Although in most cases everything goes fine, there are somerare occasions when you could lose your data.