It is challenging to find an inclusive way to cover all aspects of food production and sale.TheFood Standards Agency,a government body in the India, describes it thus:
"...the whole food industry
from farming and food production, packaging anddistribution, to retail and catering."
The Economic Research Service of the USDA uses the term
to describe thesame thing:
"The U.S. food system is a complex network of farmers and the industries that link tothem. Those links include makers of farm equipment and chemicals as well as firms thatprovide services to agribusinesses, such as providers of transportation and financialservices. The system also includes the food marketing industries that link farms toconsumers, and which include food and fiber processors, wholesalers, retailers, andfoodservice establishments."
Processed food sales worldwide are approximately US$3.2trillion(2004).
In 2012,U.S.consumersspent approximately US$1.8 trillion annually on food,
or nearly 10 percent of theGross Domestic Product(GDP). Over 16.5 million people areemployed in the food industry.
In the United Kingdom, the food industry is extensive. It employs 2 million people andhas a turnover in excess of £70bn. It is the largest manufacturing sector in the UK andrepresents around 15% of the total manufacturing sector in the UK. Around 13% of the people working in manufacturing in the UK work in the food and drink industry.
Agriculture is the process of producing food, feeding products, fiber and other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals(livestock). The practice of agriculture is also known as "farming". Scientists, inventorsand others devoted to improving farming methods and implements are also said to beengaged in agriculture. More people in the world are involved in agriculture as their primary economic activity than in any other, yet it only accounts for twenty percent of theworld's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Food processing includes the methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredientsinto food for human consumption. Food processing takes clean, harvested or slaughteredand butchered components and uses them to produce marketable food products. There areseveral different ways in which food can be produced.
One Off Production
This method is used when customers make an order for somethingto be made to their own specifications, for example a wedding cake. The making of One