MULTIFUNCTIONAL RADAR SYSTEMS FOR FIGHTER AIRCRAFT
processing, conventional monopulse angle tracking, jammer nulling, and out-of-bandangle-of-arrival (AOA) estimation. The optimum placement of phase centers is animportant design tradeoff. A phase center is an antenna aperture channel, which is off-set in space and provides a partially or fully independent measurement of an incomingelectromagnetic wavefront. For example, a one-dimensional phase monopulse has twophase centers, a two-dimensional phase monopulse has four phase centers, DPCA hastwo or more phase centers, a radar with a guard horn for sidelobe suppression has twophase centers, and an adaptive array may have many phase centers.
STAP is anextension of the classic theory for a matched filter in the presence of non–white noise,which includes both time and space.Overall weapon system requirements usually favor
band for the operatingfrequency of a MFAR. In addition, the MFAR apertures and associated transmitter areusually the largest on an aircraft and hence, can create the highest Effective RadiatedPower (ERP) for jamming adversary radars and data links, where these are in-band.
Multifunctional Radar Architecture.
An example MFAR block diagram isshown in Figure 5.3. The modern integrated avionic suite concept blurs the boundariesbetween traditional radar functions and other sensors, countermeasures, weapons, andcommunications (see Figures 5.12 and 5.14 later in the chapter). There is a microwaveand RF suite; an electro-optical, infrared, ultraviolet (EO) suite; a stores managementsuite; a controls and displays suite; a multiply-redundant vehicle management suite,and a multiply-redundant processor complex.Each microwave and/or RF aperture may have some embedded signal conditioningbut then may be multiplexed to standardized common design RF, filter, frequency ref-erence, analog to digital conversion (A/D), input-output (I/O), and control modules. Asimilar design concept is used for the electro-optical (EO) sensors, stores management,
MFAR merged with other sensors (