2Center or American Progress | Beyond ‘Stand Your Ground’
racial proling in 2000.
Arican Americans accouned or 47 percen o all insances o racial proling in Florida, while Lainos accouned or 23 percen, muliracial individu-als accouned or 19 percen, Asian Americans accouned or 11 percen, and whiesaccouned or 3 percen.
Tis issue brie ocuses on curren racial proling pracices inFlorida—including Sand Your Ground—and looks a several examples o individuals who were deemed suspicious solely because o heir skin color. Alhough explici proling is echnically prohibied under Florida law, saisics speak ohe ac ha cerain policies in Florida promoe unequal enorcemen o he law.Based on he evidence presened below, here is a srong patern o law enorcemenocers in Florida making assumpions based on racial sereoypes, especially o Arican Americans and Hispanics. Aer examining he hisory and impac o racial prolingpracices, his brie provides an overview o curren policy proposals ha would endracial proling.
‘Stand Your Ground’ laws
Florida’s Sand Your Ground law allows individuals o use deadly orce in maters o sel-deense even when less orce or no orce could diuse he siuaion. Tis law and similarlaws ha exis in 21 oher saes, combined wih loose concealed carry laws, prove o bedeadly or communiies o color.
Weak gun laws in saes such as Florida pu guns in hehands o dangerous people—such as Zimmerman, who has a criminal hisory and recordo domesic abuse
—and hereore exacerbae he dangers o Sand Your Ground laws. An analysis o more han 200 cases in Florida ha invoked he Sand Your Ground law ound ha deendans claiming sel-deense were more likely o prevail i he vicim was Arican American. Seveny-hree percen o hose who killed an Arican American per-son aced no penaly under he law, compared o 59 percen o hose who killed a whieindividual.
Sand Your Ground laws also exacerbae he large racial dispariies haexis when homicides are ruled jusiable: When he shooer is whie and he vicim is Arican American, he jusiable homicide rae is 34 percen, compared o a rae o 3percen when he shooer is Arican American and he vicim is whie.
Overall, homi-cide raes have increased by 8 percen in saes wih Sand Your Ground laws—evidenceha he laws encourage he escalaion o violence in oherwise nondeadly siuaions.
Unequal reamen under hese laws and varying legal inerpreaions o heir purview led U.S. Atorney General Eric Holder o call or heir re-examinaion. Tis all, heFlorida Sae Legislaure has been holding hearings on Sand Your Ground,
and heU.S. Commission on Civil Righs voed o invesigae wheher he laws have a racial bias.
Bu while Sand Your Ground laws accoun or a number o insances o racialproling in Florida, he conversaion canno sop here. Oher pracices in Florida show a larger rend o policies ha acily sancion he sereoyping o minoriies.