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(Brother Jonathan No. 1) Colonel Henry Beekman Livingston (7.22.2012)

(Brother Jonathan No. 1) Colonel Henry Beekman Livingston (7.22.2012)

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Published by John U. Rees
Henry Beekman Livingston was born on November 9, 1750. He was the son of Judge Robert Livingston and Margaret Beekman. This scion of a politically prominent family grew up at Clermont Manor on the Hudson River .
With the outbreak of the War of Independence, Livingston received an appointment as a captain in the 4th New York Regiment on June 28, 1775. That command had been authorized by the Continental Congress on May 25, 1775, to serve out the year. It consisted of ten companies drawn from Ulster , Duchess, Orange , and Suffolk Counties . The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th New York Regiments marched north to participate in the Rebel invasion of Canada . Captain Livingston was detached from his regiment in July to serve as an aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Richard Montgomery, a former officer of the British Army who had married the captain’s sister Janet on July 24, 1773. Livingston followed his brother-in-law to the gates of Quebec , where the latter fell trying to storm the city’s works on December 31, 1775. After that disaster, Livingston learned that Congress had voted to award him a sword worth $100 for his role in Montgomery ’s earlier victory at Chambly . Promoted to major, Livingston joined the staff of Major General Philip Schuyler in February 1776 and served again as an aide-de-camp until November of that year.
Henry Beekman Livingston was born on November 9, 1750. He was the son of Judge Robert Livingston and Margaret Beekman. This scion of a politically prominent family grew up at Clermont Manor on the Hudson River .
With the outbreak of the War of Independence, Livingston received an appointment as a captain in the 4th New York Regiment on June 28, 1775. That command had been authorized by the Continental Congress on May 25, 1775, to serve out the year. It consisted of ten companies drawn from Ulster , Duchess, Orange , and Suffolk Counties . The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th New York Regiments marched north to participate in the Rebel invasion of Canada . Captain Livingston was detached from his regiment in July to serve as an aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Richard Montgomery, a former officer of the British Army who had married the captain’s sister Janet on July 24, 1773. Livingston followed his brother-in-law to the gates of Quebec , where the latter fell trying to storm the city’s works on December 31, 1775. After that disaster, Livingston learned that Congress had voted to award him a sword worth $100 for his role in Montgomery ’s earlier victory at Chambly . Promoted to major, Livingston joined the staff of Major General Philip Schuyler in February 1776 and served again as an aide-de-camp until November of that year.

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Published by: John U. Rees on Oct 11, 2013
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Brother Jonathan’s Images
, No. 1.(Formerly Continental Images, by Gregory J. W. Urwin, Phd.)Colonel Henry Beekman Livingston, 4
th
New York Regiment  Artist: Charles Willson PealeYear: Circa 1778-1780Collection: Smithsonian
 
Henry Beekman Livingston was born on November 9, 1750. He was the sonof Judge Robert Livingston and Margaret Beekman. This scion of a politicallyprominent family grew up at Clermont Manor on the Hudson River .With the outbreak of the War of Independence, Livingston received anappointment as a captain in the 4
th
New York Regiment on June 28, 1775. That command had been authorized by the Continental Congress on May 25, 1775, toserve out the year. It consisted of ten companies drawn from Ulster , Duchess,Orange , and Suffolk Counties . The 1
st 
, 2
nd
, 3
rd
, and 4
th
New York Regimentsmarched north to participate in the Rebel invasion of Canada . Captain Livingstonwas detached from his regiment in July to serve as an aide-de-camp to BrigadierGeneral Richard Montgomery, a former officer of the British Army who had married
the captain’s sister Janet on July 24, 1773.
Livingston followed his brother-in-law to
the gates of Quebec , where the latter fell trying to storm the city’s works on
December 31, 1775. After that disaster, Livingston learned that Congress had voted
to award him a sword worth $100 for his role in Montgomery ’s earlier victory at 
Chambly . Promoted to major, Livingston joined the staff of Major General PhilipSchuyler in February 1776 and served again as an aide-de-camp until November of that year.New York raised a new 4
th
Regiment consisting of eight companies in the
spring of 1776 to serve once again to the year’s end.
The devastatingly successfulcampaign that General William Howe conducted to capture New York City taught Continental authorities the folly of short-term enlistments. The 4
th
New York Regiment was accordingly resurrected early in 1777 with men enlisted for threeyears or the duration. Henry Beekman Livingston had been named colonel of thisthird incarnation of the 4
th
New York on November 21, 1776. He would go on to
lead the regiment through the Battle of Freeman’s Farm in 1777, the winter
encampment at Valley Forge , and the Battle of Monmouth in 1778. Livingstonresigned his commission and returned to civilian life on January 13, 1779. ColonelLivingston married Anne Hume Shippen, the daughter of Dr. William Shippen, onMarch 11, 1781. He would go on to live a long life, dying on November 5, 1831, at the age of eighty.In this magnificent portrait miniature by Charles Willson Peale, ColonelLivingston wears a white regimental coat with scarlet facings and lining.
The coat’sbuttons are gilt, and a gold epaulette adorns Livingston ’s right shoulder.
(As a fieldofficer, he probably also sports an epaulette on his left shoulder). He wears a whiteruffled shirt with a white neck stock.
Livingston ’s waistcoat, however, is scarlet,
and it is trimmed down the front with gold lace and gilt buttons. The colonel wearshis hair powdered and
en queue
with side curls.
Livingston ’s por
trait confirms the written record. In late 1778, the rank andfile of the 4
th
New York Regiment received white coats with red facings andlining. In an additional touch of sartorial splendor, these garments had brass
 
buttons. The men were also issued coveralls and black felt caps with haircrests.
The regiment’s armament consisted of French muskets.
Livingston wearsthe version of this uniform that he and his officers purchased for themselves.For more on the 4
th
New York, see
Don Troiani’s reconstruction of the lowerranks’ uniform and James Kochan’s accompanying text in
Don Troiani’s Soldiers of 
the American Revolution
(Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007), p. 120.
Brother Jonathan’s Images
ConsortiumNeal T. Hurst 
 John U. ReesR. Scott StephensonMatthew C. White
________________________________________(Series introduction below.)

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