1) THE PRINCIPLES OF WIRELESS POWERa) Nikola Tesla and the True WirelessIn the period from 1890 to 1900 Dr. Nikola Tesla was engaged in thesystematic research of high frequency electric waves with the specific aimof developing a method transmission and reception of electric energy withoutthe use of connecting wires. Inspired by Dr. Heinrich Hertz's experimentalresearches into the Maxwell theory of electro-magnetic waves, Dr. Tesladeveloped various apparatus with the object of exploring the developmentsof Dr. Hertz. Tesla found his progress slow until he developed his oscillat-ing current (O.C.) transformer, known as the Tesla Transformer, which allowedfor his progress beyond the original experiments of Dr. Hertz and thusbeyond the original theory of electro-magnetism.Tesla found to his dismay that it was not possible to demonstrate thatthe emanations from his O.C. transformer were akin to the transverse vibr-ations of light waves as theorized by Maxwell, which Dr. Hertz among otherssought to verify. At this point Tesla began to doubt if the Maxwell theoryhad any validity. To quote "For more than 18 years I have been readingtreatises, reports of scientific transactions, and articles on Hertz-wavetheory, to keep myself informed, but they have always impressed me likeworks of fiction".What Tesla had discovered was that the emanations from his O.C. tran-sformer were of longitudinal-dielectric waveform, that is, in the formof ELECTRIC RAYS OF INDUCTION. This indicates the purpose of Tesla
s exten-sive research into X-rays and kindred forms of radiation, which were con-sidered longitudinal waves in the luminiferous aether by Tesla and hiscontemporaries.The theories of electric waves was of no concern to G. Marconi however,and by his adaptation of Dr. Tesla's fundamental patents went on to estab-lish commercial wireless communication. By 1919 Marconi completed constr-uction of five high frequency power plants around the world. These plantsgenerated currents at a frequency of 18,000 cycles/ second, produced by200 Kilowatt motor-generator sets.