tified, by the description, with diseases now known ; and onthe other hand some of the most formidable diseases that nowscourge the human race are known to have had a modernorigin. It is one of the commonest maxims of medical sci-ence, quoted sometimes to cover its own change of front,that the type of diseases changes from age to age. Formy part, I find it nothing unlikely that in an age likethat of the coming of our Lord, when a decisive conflict wasimpending between the kingdom of evil and the kingdomof heaven, these maladies that involve the mind and soul, andindicate the presence of some mischievous s])iritual agency,should be found to take on a character of peculiar malignity.The four evangelists give themselves very little concern aboutpathology and diagnosis, although one of them was a physician.But taking the gospels as an honest and not unintelligent recordof the phenomena, we make out two points very clearly concern-ing this demonism : 1. It was not mere lunacy or epilepsy, forthese diseases are recognized and clearly distinguished from thework of the evil spirits. There are j^atients in whom the work of the infesting spirit produces symptoms like epilepsy; andother patients in whom it produces symptoms of dumbness ; andthere are still other manifestations ; but beneath these symptomsthey detect indications, which the sufferer himself confirms, of something different from the mere physical diseases of like symp-toms, by which these cases were surrounded. 2. As this demon-ism was not mere disease, so, on the other hand, it was not merewickedness — the willful giving up of one's self to the instigationof the devil ; — a mistake to which we are inclined by the un-happy mistranslation of which I have spoken. It is alwaysspoken of and dealt with as an involuntary affliction, lookedupon by the Lord with pity rather than censure. either is ittreated as if it were, in any special sense, a visitation for sin.Doubtless these sufferers were sinners ; and doubtless their suf-ferings stood in some relation to their sins ; but it was not thisrelation, that thev were "sinners above all others."136 THE SIMPLICITY THAT IS I. CIII^IST.