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NAPS2013 TMSR paper

NAPS2013 TMSR paper

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Published by DoctorAlpha Aescher
North American Power Symposium 2013 test submission on thorium molten salt reactors
North American Power Symposium 2013 test submission on thorium molten salt reactors

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Published by: DoctorAlpha Aescher on Oct 12, 2013
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The Case for Thorium Energy and Molten Salt Sciencesas Critical Innovations
Andrew M. Dodson
Electrical EngineeringUniversity of ArkansasFayetteville, Arkansasamdodson@uark.edu
Kim L. Johnson, MSChE, P.E.
Havelide Systems Inc.kimljohnson@havelide.com
Steven S. Strasburg
ssstrasburg@gmail.com
Steven T. Burnett
Ratman720@gmail.com
Bálint Zoltán Téglásy
teglasybalint@gmail.com
Abstract 
 — 
Demand for energy increases in response to growthof populations, improvements in productivity, and risingstandards of living. History can be seen in terms of progressiontowards more dense sources of energy: wood, animal oil, andpeat giving way to coal, oil, and natural gas. This process mustcontinue or critical socioeconomic and environmental issues willcompound to the point of crisis. Renewable energy resources areconsidered to be an appropriate innovative step due to the lack of technical literacy by policy makers. The lack of innovationsince the inception of nuclear energy is a resultant of the desireto protect significant vested interests in the energy sector. If American society does not lead the world in the innovation anddissemination of generation and processing technologies thatwere invented in America; then current economic depressionand pollution issues will remain unaddressed and cause extremeharm to this and future generations.
Index Terms 
 — 
Economics, Environmental Factors, Molten SaltChemistry, Nuclear Power Generation, TechnologicalInnovation
I.
 
I
 NTRODUCTION
Despite the best efforts of many, it may be safely said thatglobal energy policies to date have failed utterly, at least fromthe perspective of the earth sciences. Assuring that our planetremains habitable must be our ultimate metric for success; allothers are secondary. Current problems of anthropogenicclimate disruption, oceanic acidification, and pollution of freshwater sources pose threats to the continuation of our species;habitat destruction, oceanic biosphere death, and starvationrespectively. Our collective impacts on the biosphere areaccelerating, but our need is for these issues to not justdecelerate . These issues will inevitably engender widespreadcatastrophe. To what can we attribute this gross failure in policy? Most policy makers and the general public arefunctionally technologically illiterate, and thus are ill-equipped to perform critical analysis of policy issues. Inaddition, there exists a vast amount of misinformation andideological posturing making critical comparisons of proposedenergy solutions difficult. Humans are very poor at assessingrisk when the threats in question are abstract, distant in timeand space, or obfuscated by propaganda.
Affiliated with the Thorium Energy Alliance & International Thorium Energy Organization
 
Although these environmental threats are societal, deadly,and imminent, society does not perceive them correctly inorder to respond with appropriate solutions. Any contemplated policy responses to these global threats must occur over  periods of 20 to 60 years or more. These long time frames areirrelevant when considered from the stance of quarterly or yearly ROI, and are certainly well beyond the short politicalcycles of our leaders. Entrenched financial interests and theexcessive influence of powerful industries on the political process in most countries assure that these vested interests
guide energy policy. Indeed, the ―free market‖ allows the
financial success of the best operators, but in no way does itvalue or assure the common good.II.
 
I
 NNOVATION
I
 N
S
OCIETY
 Innovations in concept have the highest impact on our  productivity, wealth, and environment of the societies inwhich we live. A current lack of innovation in IndustrialProcess concepts is preventing society from achievingtransformative solutions to socioeconomic issues. Growth of  populations and increasing standards of living conflict withthe limited nature of material resources and energy. A steady progression of marginal improvements in process efficiency provide for steady societal growth rates, but innovations thatredefine a process concept typically provide orders of magnitude of gain. If the marginal needs of world populationwere to grow at a rate beyond which the needs of the energysector could supply through marginal improvements, a crisiswill develop. In such times of crisis, innovation is indeedquite vital to avoiding significant hardships, extendedrecessions, and international turmoil over resources.Resistance to innovation typically occurs as a symptom of social market peaks transitioning to periods of decay.Investments build up as an expression of the utility of individuals increases beyond that which is marginallyutilized. This capital is cycled back into increasing utility, andover generations significant socioeconomic institutions become established, having functional authority over largesectors of our life as a society. Institutions tend to expressvalue as larger and longer term investments; typified by theenergy industry's power generation, transmission, anddistribution infrastructure. As investments in capital accrue,there is a significant disincentive to innovate, as thisrepresents significant wasted investment that must berecycled if possible into the deployment of the innovative
 process concept. As the individual’s abi
lity to express utilityis suppressed below the marginal utility, society quite simplyrots.
.. since the marginal 
{and average}
 price of 
{other 
 persons contributions to the individual’s utility}
is negative
… social income is less … because the value o
 f his social environment is subtracted from his own income. That is, he ismade worse off by his social environment if it is dominated bycharacteristics of others that are distasteful to him
."
-
Gary S Becker, 1974, A Theory of Social InteractionsThe template is used to format your paper and style thetext. All margins, column widths, line spaces, and text fontsare prescribed; please do not alter them. You may note peculiarities. For example, the heading margin in this templatemeasures proportionately more than is customary. Thismeasurement and others are deliberate, using specificationsthat anticipate your paper as one part of the entire proceedings,and not as an independent document. Please do not revise anyof the current designations.III.
 
I
 NNOVATIVE
 N
ATURE OF
TMSR Conference papers are limited to a maximum of five pages. Please use automatic hyphenation and check your spelling. Additionally, be sure your sentences are completeand that there is continuity within your paragraphs. Check thenumbering of your graphics (figures and tables) and make surethat all appropriate references are included.Please take note of the following items when proofreadingspelling and grammar:Abbreviations and AcronymsDefine abbreviations and acronyms the first time they areused in the text, even after they have been defined in theabstract. Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, ac, dc, and rms donot have to be defined. Do not use abbreviations in the title or section headings unless they are unavoidable.Units
 
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 IV.
 
I
 NNOVATIVE NATURE OF
MSSThis document should be used as a template for preparingyour Conference paper. You may type over sections of thedocument, cut and paste into it, and/or use markup styles.Duplicate the template file by using the Save Ascommand, and use the naming convention prescribed by your conference for the name of your paper.Authors and AffiliationsThe template is designed so that author affiliations are notrepeated each time for multiple authors of the same affiliation.Please keep your affiliations as succinct as possible (for example, do not differentiate among departments of the sameorganization). This template was designed for two affiliations.
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