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D. by paying cashE. without prescription
Text II 1998
People manage to count even when they donot have names for numbers. Early mendemonstrated numbers to each other bycounting on their fingers, and some primitivetribes still do this. In fact, some tribes havenames for only the numbers "one" and "two"and can only indicate higher numbers bypointing to a particular finger. In other tribes,the numbers do have names, but these namesare directly connected with finger counting.
The text tells us about....A. early demonstrations of numbersB. the use of fingers in countingC. the importance of numbersD. primitive triesE. various names for numbers
Which of the following statements is TRUEaccording to the text?A. It was not necessary to have names fornumbers in counting.B. Only in earlier days did people use theirfingers in counting.C. There are tribes who only consider "one"and"two" important.D. For some tribes., it is unusual to use fingerswhen counting.E. The words "one" and "two" were unpopularamong many tribes.
Text III 2003
In the last few thousand years manycivilizationshave risen to a high level of development andthen collapsed. As far as we know none of them had such a sophisticated technology aswe developed, but nevertheless theyproduced remarkable and long lastingartifacts, such as the great pyramids and thesphinx of Egypt, the arch at Ctesiphon and theextraordinary stone constructions of MiddleAmerica. The civilization of Knossos in Creteeven had plumbing on the third floor. Some of these civilizations were destroyed bybarbarian invasions, others by earthquakes,fires or other disasters and some in Mexicoapparently collapsed purely as a result of theirreversible growth of top heavy bureaucracy.In all of them, however, their collapse has hada central case, which was the run down ordegeneration of the overall motivation, spirit,or ethos of the social system.
The general reason for the collapse of allthese ancient civilizations is ___.A. their inferior technologyB. barbarian invasionsC. the growth of bureaucracyD. natural disastersE. the degeneration of the social system
The topic of the paragraph is ___.A. the development of world civilizationB.sophisticated technology in ancientcivilizationC. the fate of civilization in ancient timesD.examples of some ancient advancedcivilizationsE. the differences in world civilizations
Text IV 2000
In canning, heat can be used to destroybacteria and halt enzymic activity in food.Bacterial 75 from external sources isprevented by sealing the food in a can. Thecan is the heated to a temperate 76 tosterilize the contents. The length of time andthe temperature 77 to ensure sterilizationdepend on the product and on the type of bacteria to b,e destroyed. It is important .thatthe contents of the can are heated 78 Anexperimental check can be made on the exacttemperature in any part of a sample can 79 itis being heated by inserting a there coupleinto the can.
A. influenceB. effect.