ISSN 1648-4142 print / ISSN 1648-3480 online TRANSPORT
TRANSPORT 2007, Vol XXII, No 4, 247–251
POSSIBILITIES OF DRIVEABILITY AND FUEL CONSUMPTION IMPROVEMENTBY ADVANCED CONTROL POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM IN PASSENGER CAR
, Jerzy Jantos
, Jarosław Mamala
Opole University o Technology,Faculty o Mechanical Engineering, Mikolajczyka 5, 45271 Opole, Poland E-mails:
firstname.lastname@example.org Received 11 April 2007; accepted 10 September 2007
Te correct work o a power transmission system or the sake o a car motion properties, uel consump-tion and pollution emission, requires proper control o an engine and power transmission system. Tis problem becomesespecially signicant in the case o automation o the power transmission system and particularly regarding the system o constant gear ratio change between the engine and drive wheels (Continuously Variable ransmission), examined in thepaper. Tis control is based on riction degree conditions estimation between metal belt and the transmission wheels. Tispaper also describes the experimental results o bench test and road test and applying o diferent control strategies.
control power transmission system, continuously variable transmission, belt, driveability.
One o the undamental tasks undertaken by engi-neers in the branch o automobile construction has beenthe increase and optimization o history o driving orcein wheels throughout the process o acceleration. An in-crease in the driving orce o a car will promote saety on the roads and improve the comort o driving. How-ever, the ull optimization o driving orce is not possi-ble in the case o classical power transmission systems inwhich the leading role in controlling power transmissionsystems is taken by the human – driver. Tis situationis the case or classical power transmission systems withthe manual system o transmission control. In this casethe human constitutes the determinant o the parameterso power transmission system control, while the car con-struction engineers are only capable o optimizing theoperation o such a system with a view to optimizationo combustion engine operation under specied param-eters. Tis optimization most commonly involves throt-tle opening, uel injection intervals and ignition advanceangle in such a way which ensures adequate conditionsor the process o combusting air-uel mixture. Simul-taneously, the selection o transmission ratio is the roleo the driver, which is conducted in a subjective way orthe purpose o adapting vehicle speed to the instantane-ous tra c conditions, thus imposing a specic rotationalspeed o the engine. Tis way o control is a long way apart rom optimum.From the analysis o the European automotive mar-ket it results that the group o vehicles with manual drivesystems is still dominant. Simultaneously, a all in thenumber o such vehicles can be discerned . However,a systematic rise in the number o vehicles equipped withautomatic power transmission systems can be observed.For such systems the process o optimizing the history o driving orce in wheels is possible through an appro-priate selection o transmission and load o the powertransmission system regardless o driver’s intentions.Tis control is possible in automatic mechanical trans-missions (AM) and continuously variable transmission(CV) systems. Continuously variable transmissions arethe solutions which have attracted attention in the recentyears, mainly as a result o unlimited selection o trans-mission within a range and continuity o torque trans-mission rom the engine to the wheels. Te CV pow-ertrain applied in passenger cars most commonly apply the phenomenon o riction or the purpose o transmit-ting torque. Te control o this process combined withthe simultaneous control o engine parameters enablesthe construction o integrated control systems. Te cur-rent paper presents the results o experimental researchor the purpose o assessing the efects o control on thedriving orce and uel consumption in a passenger carequipped with a CV power transmission system.
2. Test object
Te test object was the passenger car: Fiat Punto IISpeed Gear (Fig. 1).Te car
Fiat Punto II Speed Gear
has been equippedwith an automatic power transmission system with beltcontinuously variable transmission. Basic parameters o the car are presented in able.