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Education - Fard 'Ayn and Fard Kifayah

Education - Fard 'Ayn and Fard Kifayah

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Published by slaveofAllahSWT
Gives an insight into Islam's emphasis on Education contrary to the beliefs that misguided people have about it.
Gives an insight into Islam's emphasis on Education contrary to the beliefs that misguided people have about it.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: slaveofAllahSWT on Jul 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/08/2010

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Mankind has a twofold nature-the soul and the body. Both with equalimportance for our well-being. Islam being the most perfect religion aswell as a system of life, every minute detail of life has duly been givensubstance. Based on the nature of mankind knowledge also has a dualnature. The two parts of it are: (a) Fard al A’yn and (b) Fard al Kifayah.Fard A’yn is obligatory on every individual whereas Fard Kifayah isobligatory on the community, i.e. there should be members in thecommunity who follow this duty. If the entire community wishes tofollow it, they can. However, all should fulfill Fard A’yn.Fard A’yn is what has been directly revealed to us by Allah (SWT). Itincludes the knowledge of the pillars and tenets of Islam and theSacred Law (Shari’ah). This basic knowledge is for the nourishment of our soul (interlinked with the nourishment of the body).Fard Kifayah is the knowledge that Muslims should acquire for theirsurvival in this world (interlinked with a position in the Hereafter-HaquqAL-Ibaad). These include the sciences and of course technology.Dr. Yedullah Kazmi, a professor at the International Islamic Universitygave a splendid parallel in this regard to Associate Professor Dr.Rosnani Hashem. The correlation between Faith (Fard ‘Ayn) and LogicalSelf-Thinking (Fard Kifayah) is like the correlation between a kite and itsstring. There is perpetual friction between the kite and the string. Isthe string is broken due to external forces the kite will fly waywardly.Accordingly, when thinking is not based in faith, a person will gowaywardly from his/her duties. The purpose of both the parts to knowledge in Islam are to strengthenthe individual’s Faith. If knowledge and Islam were at conflict with eachother, Qur’an would not have innumerous scientific facts revealed in it.Regarding what we now know as the ‘big bang’ theory and the factthat life originated from water, the Qur’an says:
“Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earthwere joined together, then We parted then. And We made fromwater every living thing. Will they then not believe?”(Qur’an, 21:30)
Furthermore, the Qur’an has complete embryological informationstated along with many other scientific data. About 30 years backscientists were able to discover all the embryological stages. When Dr.Keith Moore (University of Toronto) was asked how the discovery made

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