FIRST BRAZILIAN SEMINAR ABOUT THE PRESERVATION AND REVITALIZATION OFHISTORIC CENTERS
ICOMOS Brazilian Committee, Itaipava, July 19871987
Urban historical sites may be considered as those spaces where manifoldevidences of the city's cultural production concentrate. They are to becircumscribed rather in terms of their operational value as "critical areas"than in opposition to the city's non-historical places, since the city in itstotality is a historical entity.
Urban historical sites are part of a wider totality, comprising the natural andthe built environment and the everyday living experience of their dwellers aswell. Within this wider space, enriched with values of remote or recent originand permanently undergoing a dynamic process of successivetransformations, new urban spaces may be considered as environmentalevidences in their formative stages.
As a socially produced cultural expression the city adds rather thansubtracts. Built space, thus, is the physical result of a social productiveprocess. Its replacement is not justified unless its socio-cultural potentialitiesare proven exhausted. Evaluation standards for replacement convenienceshould take into account the socio-cultural costs of the new environment.
The main purpose of preservation is the maintenance and enhancement of reference patterns needed for the expression and consolidation of citizenship. It is through the outlook of the citizen's political appropriation of urban space that preservation may contribute to improve life quality.