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EU Support for Biofuels and Bioenergy, "Environmental Sustainability" Criteria, and Trade Policy

EU Support for Biofuels and Bioenergy, "Environmental Sustainability" Criteria, and Trade Policy

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This paper provides a description of the EU’s biofuel policies, set in the context of its overall policy framework on renewable and bioenergy, and their interface with the WTO legal system.

Although undoubtedly influenced by concerns about security of energy supplies, and a wish to find alternative market outlets for European farmers, the EU’s policy for biofuels (defined in EU legislation as liquid and gaseous fuels for transport use) is associated closely with its more generic policies to promote bioenergy, which in legislative terms is embedded in its policy on renewable energy, part of its strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The EU’s strategy, and its implementation by the Member States, has been evolving for a number of years; but its current ambition is that by 2020 some 20 percent of its primary energy supplies should come from renewable resources (including bioenergy) and that, in each Member State, renewables (largely biofuels) should provide 10 percent of energy use for transport. It is up to the Member States to deliver on these obligations, in the framework of EU rules …
This paper provides a description of the EU’s biofuel policies, set in the context of its overall policy framework on renewable and bioenergy, and their interface with the WTO legal system.

Although undoubtedly influenced by concerns about security of energy supplies, and a wish to find alternative market outlets for European farmers, the EU’s policy for biofuels (defined in EU legislation as liquid and gaseous fuels for transport use) is associated closely with its more generic policies to promote bioenergy, which in legislative terms is embedded in its policy on renewable energy, part of its strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The EU’s strategy, and its implementation by the Member States, has been evolving for a number of years; but its current ambition is that by 2020 some 20 percent of its primary energy supplies should come from renewable resources (including bioenergy) and that, in each Member State, renewables (largely biofuels) should provide 10 percent of energy use for transport. It is up to the Member States to deliver on these obligations, in the framework of EU rules …

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11/06/2012

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Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade
Issue Paper No. 17
 June 2009
 
l
ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development
By Professor Alan Swinbank 
School of Agriculture, Policy and DevelopmentUniversity of Reading
EU Support for Biofuels andBioenergy, EnvironmentalSustainability Criteria, and Trade Policy
ICTSD Global Platform on Climate Change, Trade Policies and Sustainable Energy
 
 June 2009
 
l
ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development
By Professor Alan Swinbank 
School of Agriculture, Policy and DevelopmentUniversity of Reading
EU Support for Biofuels andBioenergy, EnvironmentalSustainability Criteria, and Trade Policy
Issue Paper No. 17

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