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Published by Sergiu Mihai

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Published by: Sergiu Mihai on Oct 14, 2013
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1.Methods of teaching English and its relation to other sciences.2. What factors of context should teachers take into account?3.What roles can teachers and learners play in the learning process?1.Methods of teaching a foreign language is understood as a body of scientifically tested theory concerning the foreign language teaching inschools and other educational institutions. It covers three main problems:-Competences and subcompetences-that is goal setting that willanswer the question what for or why to teach a foreign language-content of foreign language teaching- that is what to teach-methods and techniques of foreign language teaching- that is howto teach a foreign language in order to attain the aims of thisscience in the most effective way.1.
 Methods of foreign language teaching 
are related to other sciencessuch as: pedagogies, psychology, physiology and linguistics.Pedagogies is the science concerned with the teaching and education of the younger generation. Since methods also deal with the problems of education and education, it is mostly related with Pedagogies. In order tostudy a foreign language one must know Pedagogies. One branch of  pedagogies is called Didactics. It studies the general ways of teaching inschools. Methods compared to Didactics study the specific ways of teaching a definite subject. Methods of foreign language teaching meanfirst of all the formation and development of pupils’ habits and skills inlistening, speaking, reading and writing. We can not expect to developsuch habits and skills in our pupils effectively if we don’t take into accountthe psych and the thinking processes that constitute Psychology’s mainobject of study. Furthermore, to master a second language means to acquireanother code, another way of receiving and conveying information. Inorder to create this new code the most effective way the teacher must takeinto consideration certain psychological factors. Effective learning of aforeign language depends at a great extend on the pupils’ memory. That iswhy teacher must know how he can help his pupils to successfullymemorise and keep in memory the language material they learn. Hereagain psych investigation of involuntary memory led to the conclusion thatmemory is retentive. Consequently in teaching a foreign language the
teacher should create favourable conditions for involuntary memorizinglike peripheral learning. The experiments made by prominent scientistsshowed that psych helps methods to determine the following:-the role of mother tongue in different stages of teaching-the amount of material for pupils in order to be assimilated at every stageof instruction-the sequence and ways which are more suitable for presenting the materialand for capturing attention.If a teacher wants his pupils speak English he must use all theopportunities to increase their motivation, to train their memory and logicalthinking, to captivate their attention, to support their volition andencourage creative thought.Methods of foreign language teaching are closely related toLinguistics as it deals with the study of the connection between languageand thinking, language levels like phonological, lexical, grammatical,syntactical, language families, their genesis and classifications etc. So itwould be impossible to teach a foreign language without being aware of the language structure and of the lexical, grammatical, syntactical,semantic smallest units.Physiology is another science that teachers may come acrosswhile taking up teaching. Since Physiology deals with the study of bodysystems and organs functioning the awareness of this fact and itsusefulness becomes obvious at the moment when changes in the bodyinterfere with learning. This interference is often perceived while workingwith teenagers. Adolescence is that period when body changes and physical development may have direct connections with learners’ successor failure in learning in general. This is the period when adolescent’s heartgrowth may precede the growth of veins and arteries that may cause chest pain, sudden arousal and fall of blood pressure, frequent headaches, moodchanges and fatigue that may influence the quality of learning. This is alsothe period when some parts of the body grow sooner then others, whensexual development takes place, when the hormone activity causes pimplesand makes them feel discomfort, become rude or vulnerable to anycriticism on their part. The teacher should necessarily take all these thingsinto account in order to know how to organize his teaching, how to avoidgroup troubles, how to divide tasks and how to gain learners’ respect.Methods of foreign language teaching as many other sciences haddifferent ways of investigating the problems which could arise. They are:
1.A critical study of the ways foreign language wastaught in our country and abroad.2.A good study and summing up the experience othe best foreign language teachers in different types of school.3.Experimenting with the aim of confirming theworking hypothesis that may arise during the investigation. Experimenting because more and more popular with methodologists.2.
 Social and educational factors
determine in a way teachersactivity within the social attitudes towards the English language. Learningwill partly determine how much effort teachers have to put into motivatingchildren. The presence of English in community will immediately facilitate practice opportunities such as writing reviews of English films and TV programmes, keeping a diary of extra – curricular activities, outside visits,or encounter projects. Its absence creates greater but not insuperablechallenges for teachers, who will need to think about sources of authenticinput, about creating a balance of skills work to make the most productiveuse of class and out – of – class time. The educational system in whichteachers work will be influenced by cultural notions of authority whichaffect the potential roles of teachers and learners.3.
The teachers roles and responsibilities:
It is possible to identifythe teacher in a number of roles during a lesson (Pre IntermediateChoice): As controller in eliciting nationality words; as assessor of accuracy as student try to pronounce the words; as corrector of  pronunciation; as organizer in giving instruction for the pair work initiatingit monitoring it, and organizing feedback; as prompter while students areworking together and as resource if students need help with words andstructures during the pair work. General roles of instructor, organizer,counsellor, and helper. Another aspect of teaching competence is theability to manage activities and interactions successfully in the sense thatlearners knows what they need to do and why they are doing actively, aremonitored and guided when help is needed, and can work undisturbed bydiscipline problems.
TYPES OF COMPETENCESCommunicative Area1. linguistic competences
require the learning of the linguisticsystem of a language together with its levels ocommunication(phonetic, grammatical, lexical, stylistic). The role of metalanguage ( formation rules, definitions, linguistic terms) is not

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